Lansing’s Inventors of Obscure Cars

Copied from The State Journal; Lansing, Michigan; Sunday, January 1, 1950.

Inventors of Obscure Cars Left in Dust of Automotive Industry
Steamers Fizzled; Fate Favored Some
Bohnet, Locomobile, Bates Were Early Tries for Success

(The author of this article dealing with Lansing’s early makes of autos, is an authority on the subject, and a member of several organizations devoted to the study and preservation of the early “horseless carriages”).

By W. Jack Down

Many a Lansing man with an inventive turn of mind burned the midnight oil during the opening years of the century, as it dawned on the public that the “horseless carriage” was here to stay – and the man who built the best one would be a favored son of fortune. Today their names are all but forgotten, and most of their experimental automobiles long since turned to rust on somebody’s junk heap, lost forever to the historian. While nothing came of many of these early cars, some made lasting contributions to a great industry. Even before 1900, one Lansing man had made the automotive world sit up and take notice.

He was, of course, Ransom Eli Olds, who built steam-powered cars in 1887 and 1891. They were not very successful. They weighed so much that their small engines could scarcely run them.

In 1895, Olds, working with Frank G. Clark, who later was to build the Clarkmobile, decided to give it one more try. This time it would be a gasoline engine. Out of an incorporation meeting held Aug. 21, 1897, came the predecessor of the present Oldsmobile division.

Olds furnished the engine from his father’s gasoline engine shop on River st., while Clark furnished a carriage from his father’s big carriage factory at the foot of E. Washtenaw st.

Failing to obtain local backing, Olds secured support from Detroit financiers, and started turning out the famous “curved-dash” auto there in 1900. He produced 425 cars the next year – the year a fire razed the Detroit plant. Olds was lured back to Lansing by a committee of local businessmen, although he continued to turn out a few cars in Detroit.

A local newspaper dated Jan. 10, 1902, announced that Lansing would see its first “Olds” next month. Then, on Feb. 14, a news story proclaimed that the first order was for 1,000 cars, but that, due to a delay by the Auto Body Works, the machine wouldn’t be produced before March 1. May 12 was the day that Lansing learned that cars were being shipped to China and Japan from the new Olds Motor Works plant. On the 23rd of the same month, it was revealed that the firm was to build a foundry, and that already was employing 300 men turning out an unheard-of 10 cars daily.

And this was several years before Henry Ford became famed for mass production.


Olds broke with stockholders on the same mass production question in 1903. He insisted upon a low-priced, assembly-line vehicle, while they wanted a higher-priced, custom-made car. He walked out and sold his stock.

In 1905 the Detroit plant was abandoned and Olds production was centered in Lansing. Here in the then largest auto factory in the world, 6,500 cars were produced that year, shattering all records anywhere.

The famous “Olds Limited” was produced in 1910, two years after the Olds Motor Works threw in its lot with General Motors corporation.

The fifth automobile seen here was the “Bohnet Steamer,” which followed R. E. Olds’ first three cars and a “Locomobile Steamer.”

This Locomobile Steamer was brought here by a “Doctor” Homer Cornell, a patent medicine salesman whose main interest in cars was their publicity value. When the “doctor” presented his show here in 1899, George J. Bohnet, then 22, chased the Locomobile for blocks and virtually lived with it until the show left town.

Bohnet, manager of the Holms and Son Bicycle Shop, began building a steamer of his own design, working in the shop after hours. The frame was bicycle tubing welded together by hand. He even turned his own hubs, bearings and cones for the wheels. Seldom has a man been forced to make so many parts, but such things weren’t available at the nearest garage.

Bohnet tried to keep his venture a secret, but a fire next door unmasked his invention. He rushed into his shop, fearful that he might be burned out, and ripped his nearly-finished auto apart, rushing it piece by piece into the street.

The public saw it, and so did the press. An article and picture appeared two days before the new car was given its trial run.

The trial run was a success. Bohnet became associated with J. W. Post, who conducted his business end of the venture known as Lansing Automobile Works. They produced at least one more car. This was also steam-propelled.


Bohnet was asked to join the Prudden company as sales manager for the auto sales department, where he sold the up-and-coming Oldsmobile. Later, this firm sold Cadillacs, and still later Bohnet helped organize the Capitol Auto company with exclusive dealership of Reo here.

The Auto Body company, a pace-setter in its day, began operating around 1900, making bodies for both cars and carriages. Soon it was making bodies for the best known auto manufacturers, including Reo and other early Lansing firms.

Sometime after 1912, Auto Body began losing ground, failing to note the advent of metal-covered bodies. They were either unable to find new business, or money to convert to constructing the metal chassis and went out of business about 1920.

Getting back to 1902, the city was just receiving its first impact with the auto age.

This was the year A. D. Baker ran over the Western Union messenger boy without hurting him.

This was the year that Alderman Dodge and City Atty. Zimmerman decided that each car must display a license on the side and back, a “suitable bell” and a lighted lamp.

And this was the year that Alderman Dodge came up with this startling thought: “. . . In his opinion, if anyone was injured by an automobile in the city, the court would allow a judgment against the city as quickly as for injuries on a defective sidewalk.”

This, too, was the year that saw the coming of the “Greenleaf.”

Few living recall this unique Lansing-built auto. Only scraps of information are available, but the firm did build cars. In 1902 it exhibited at the Michigan Grange convention here. In 1903 an article describing a two-cylinder model selling for $1,750 (a dollar a pound) appeared in a national auto magazine. The article included the only known photo of a Greenleaf. What happened to the company, where it was located, or who the officers were is one of those historical mysteries. We only know that a Smith Clawson was engineer.

In 1903, when downtown streets were more mud than bricks, and you bought your gasoline from a drugstore or hardware. Madison Bates, J. P. Edmonds, R. W. Morse and J. Edward Roe of the successful Bates and Edmonds Motor company, together with Bliss Stebbins and Dr. Harry A. Haze, organized and built a car called the “Bates.” They built 25, in fact, and managed to lose money with ease. They had to use profits of their motor firm to keep the struggling company on it feet.


This organization started in the old armory in the 300 block of S. Capitol ave., where Trevellyan Oldsmobile, Inc. is now located. They used engines from their engine plant, producing at first, a single-cylinder runabout, and later a two-seated car with a four-cylinder motor under the hood. Payroll troubles induced them to go back to making motors exclusively, in 1906.

And what happened to Frank G. Clark, the man who started out with R. E. Olds?

On Feb. 20, 1903, The State Republican blared: “Another firm will make automobiles … The Clarkmobile will be manufactured in Lansing …”

The Clarkmobile company was organized in April 1902. For over a year prior to this, Clark had been working on a new car that would overcome many objectionable features of autos then in existence.

Strange to say, with all the publicity it received, there are few photos available, and so far, a snap of the first car or any experimental models are still to be found.

The Clarkmobile enjoyed indifferent success, and Clark tried his luck at building trucks between 1905 and 1910. The truck was a large four-cylinder model considered huge at the time. This too provided a financial failure. About 100 autos were produced and many trucks, but none have survived, as far as known.

Clark’s one-time partner, R. E. Olds, having severed connections with the Olds Motor Works, started the R. E. Olds company in 1904, later changing the name to the Reo company. The first Reo plant was officially started in September 1904, and the first carload of Reos was shipped next March.

First came a two-cylinder model which quickly gave way to the famous single-cylinder model which was still being built in 1910. President “Teddy” Roosevelt rode in one when he came here in 1907 for the golden anniversary of the start of Michigan Agricultural college. Countless others rode in them, and some are still going strong after all these years. Reo Motors, Inc., the present firm, actually has a 1908 car and a 1909 truck that run well.

In 1908 Reo added the truck, which was an asset. By 1910 it was building one-cylinder models as well as a “two” and a “four.” A “six” was added in 1915. In the late ’20’s they produced the Wolverine, but found it to be too expensive to advertise two names rather than one. So the Wolverine was discontinued as such, and was simply called the small Reo.

During the later years of the depression, Reo went into bankruptcy, and spirited batted for control were waged. Reorganized in 1939, the firm restricted itself to trucks, coaches and buses.

Another early firm which fell by the wayside was the New-Way Motor company, which advertised in 1904 that it had three Clarkmobiles for sale. In 1906 this company tried to build and market its own cars, under the aegis of its organizers, Willam Newbrough and a Mr. Way. They started operations about 1907 in part of a building on N. Cedar st., formerly occupied by the Lansing Iron and Engine Works. They built six or seven cars before losing enough money to convince them that this business wasn’t for them.


This car was called the “New-Way,” and once again we run into a blank wall, for no pictures or other relics of it have been located.

There was still another early auto here, the “R. O.,” but whether it was actually built in Lansing is now questionable.

The Reo Motor Car company in 1910 purchased the Owen automobile in Detroit to enable them to have patent rights on a new center shift control the Owen firm pioneered.

This Owen car seems to have been connected in some way with Ralph M. Owen, who was a sales agent for Reo.

In 1911, a national auto magazine announced that Reo was moving all the Owen machinery to Lansing, after purchasing that company. It added that the car would be continues here, but would be known as the “R. O.”

Shortly after this, several advertisements appeared for the “R-O of Lansing.” It weighed 3,400 pounds, costing nearly a dollar a pound. It had 42-inch wheels. Between 100 and 200 cars were produced, either here or in Detroit, but there is no known record of the date of discontinuation.

The early ’20’s saw William C. Durant make his last bid for fame and fortune here, with construction of the Durant factory on Verlinden ave. Over-expansion coupled with depression, led to bankruptcy in 1931. The plant housed the annual auto show for several years until was purchased by General Motors for the Fisher Body division.

Out of Lansing have come many of the important innovations of the auto industry. The first cars, the first bodies, the first wheels made especially for cars, the first trucks, mass production with smaller inexpensive cars available for almost anyone, rubber-tired cars and trucks, pneumatic truck tires, center gear shift, and large trucks capable of safe speeds exceeding 50 miles per hour.

These are the big and important “firsts.” and if many an early experimental car fell by the wayside – well, that’s part of the price of progress.



Women’s rights fight underway in 19th century in Lansing

Copied from the Lansing State Journal – MI – Sunday, May 20, 1984

Women’s rights fight underway in 19th century
By Gladys Beckwith

Striving for equal rights and opportunities for women, influencing legislation, organizing protests, founding women’s club, preaching sermons and speaking out for fundamental social, economic, and political change – a feminist agenda for the 1980s?

No, just some of the activities of Lansing area women in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when women were deemed mere helpless and homebodies.

UNFORTUNATELY, the history of Lansing and Ingham County women has yet to be written. The history books that have been published – usually by male historians – instead have focused almost exclusively on the interests and accomplishments of men; the contributions of women have been given little or no though or attention.

On the other hand, even a brief study of Lansing history reveals a number of creative dedicated and strong-willed women who were able to exert a substantial influence of the community’s development and thus to make lasting contributions to both the state and the society.

Opening up higher education to the working classes, for example, became a major social goal during the mid to late 19th century. But such advances as the establishment of Michigan Agricultural College (later Michigan State University) were made without regard to the needs and aspirations of women. Today, when women students in many educational institutions outnumber males, it is perhaps difficult to comprehend the extent of the opposition to bring this change about.

LANSING MAY lay claim to a true educational pioneer: Abigail Rogers, who came to Lansing from a position as preceptress at the new State Normal School in Ypsilanti (Eastern Michigan University) had a vision of establishing a school which would provide the same opportunity in higher education for women as the University of Michigan then provided for men.

With her sister, Delia Rogers worked to create the Michigan Female College on what is now the site of the Michigan School for the Blind. It was at first a school for all grades, but as time passed it attracted increasing numbers of students and became more selective and focused on advanced education for young women.

The curriculum included mathematics and foreign languages and the “womanly” arts of needlework and conversation. The school was for 14 years of its existence a recognizable social and educational force in the community. But obtaining adequate funding was always a struggle, and when Abigail Rogers died in 1869 her sister was unable to sustain the effort alone and the school closed its doors.

OTHER AREA women later took up the struggle for equal educational opportunity. Mary Mayo of Coldwater worked through the State Grange organization to establish a women’s committee of the State Board of Agriculture, the governing body of the Agricultural College. She was instrumental in finally creating a Women’s Department within the college. Dora Stockman, who became the first woman member of the State Board of Agriculture, worked to improve the lot of rural women through education. She helped to persuade the Legislature to pay for a separate building on the college campus to house women’s programs. The present Human Ecology building at Michigan State University bears witness to her accomplishment.

Marie Dye, who was later to become dean of the School of Home Economics, joined the MAC facility in 1922, and gained national recognition as a scholar, researcher, teacher and administrator. She transformed the very foundations of women’s programs, not only at what was to become Michigan State University, but elsewhere in the nation. Under her direction Home Economics moved from the gentle arts of homemaking to a professional concern for both home and family, encompassing the research field of nutritional science, child development and others.

TWO LANSING women, Harriet Tenny and Mary Spencer, made outstanding contributions to the Michigan State Library. Tenny was named State Librarian in 1869, the first woman to hold this position. Tenny played an important role in educational and historical associations, including the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society. She was also a founder and charter member of the Lansing Women’s Club, an organization which was to become a force in the lives of many women and in the community.

Mary Spencer, who directed the State Library from 1893 to 1923, managed to build the library collection from some 60,000 volumes in locked cases to more than a quarter of a million volumes, open to all. Under Spencer’s direction Michigan became the second state in the nation to adopt the concept of traveling libraries. In addition, small collections of books were loaned to individuals and organizations in parts of the state without libraries. In the process the State Library became a major cultural and educational influence as well a resource for research and a depository of state records. Spencer, always persuasive, also played a role in winning financial aid from Andrew Carnegie to establish a Carnegie Library in Lansing.

LANSING HAD women physicians at a time when women were discouraged from taking up scientific pursuits. Anna Ballard is perhaps the best known. Ballard attended the Misses Rogers Female College in Lansing and went on to graduate from the Medical School of the University of Michigan and from the University of Chicago. She later returned to open a private practice and became one of the organizers of the Lansing Medical Society in 1882. She also became a political activist, leading efforts in the Legislature to raise the age of consent from 10 to 14 years. Ballard, too, was an early member of the Lansing Women’s Club, a supporter of the YWCA and a member of the Methodist-Episcopal Church where she argued for the admission of women to the Methodist General Conference.

Although women still seem to struggle for admission to the ministry, Lansing had an ordained women minister as early as 1862. In December of that year Augusta Jane Chapin was formally ordained in Lansing as an Universalist minister. Augusta was described as “an effective preacher whose sermons were thoroughly developed and delivered in a straight-forward manner.” She became the first woman in the United States to earn a Doctor of Divinity Degree, received from Lombard College, and is credited with playing an important role in establishing women in the Universalist ministry. She also was an extension lecturer at the University of Chicago and a leader in the World Parliament of Religions.

LANSING PRODUCED a woman whose economic theories gained national attention. Sarah E. VanDeVoort Emery was a writer and lecturer on economic, social and political issues and helped to develop and form the basis of the American Populist movement in the late 19th century. Her popular work, “Seven Financial Conspiracies Which Have Enslaved the American People” sold more than 400,000 copies in her lifetime. She also published, edited and contributed to “The Corner Stone,” which originated in Lansing from 1893-1895.

Emery was one of the original members of the Michigan Division of the National Women’s Suffrage Association, a delegate to the Greenback Labor Party National Convention in 1884, and an early member of the the Knights of Labor, and an Associate of the Farmers’ Alliance and the Peoples’ Party in the 1880s and 1890s. She also was a co-founder of the Union Labor Party in 1887. In spite of these accomplishments, Emery’s work has largely faded from history until reclaimed in recent years through the scholarly effort of MSU researchers Pauline Adams and Emma Thornton.

No overview of the history of Lansing area women would not be complete without mention of two prominent early officeholders, Frieda Schneider (1882-1946) is recognized as the first woman to gain elective office in Lansing. In 1920, just weeks before final approval of the 19th amendment, Freida was overwhelmingly elected to the office of city treasurer. Subsequently she also ran successfully for county treasurer, becoming the first woman in history to hold that position as well.

SCHNEIDER, A Democrat, lost her 1924 bid for re-election in the Coolidge landslide. But she led the way for other women to follow in local elections, women such as city Clerk Bertha Ray, city Treasurer Lois Chase, and Susan B. Leonard, who in 1926 succeeded her husband as Ingham County register of deeds.

Lansing women in 1936 passed another political milestone when Elizabeth Belen became the second woman in history to be elected to the Michigan House of Representatives. Belen had supervised the student training program of the Army Corps at MAC and in the 1920s started the visiting nursing program in Lansing.

While in the Legislature, Belen sponsored and achieved passage of the state’s first Occupational Health Act and its first Elevator Inspection Act. She went on to become the vice chair of the State Democratic Party. As a member of the first Commission on Aging, she also helped to produce the first state report drawing attention to the problems of senior citizens and in many other ways helped to improve the social consciousness of the city and the state.

AS THE CITY now prepares to celebrate its 125th birthday, and the state its 150th, its important to recall Abigail Adams’ entreaty to her husband, John, then engaged with drafting the constitution: “I pray you, remember the ladies, John,” she is reported to have said.

John didn’t but Lansing and Michigan shall through women’s history week programs and activities, through women’s studies, and through the establishment, in Lansing, of the Michigan Women’s Historical Center and Hall of Fame.

Gladys Beckwith is professor of American thought and language, Michigan State University.

Note: The Michigan Women’s Historical Center and Hall of Fame did open on June 10, 1987 and is scheduled to move to the Meridian Mall in Okemos in this upcoming April 2017.


original article

Lansing has 65 little industries-from guns to automobile

Copied from The State Journal, Lansing, Michigan; Sunday, May 8, 1938.

From Guns To Automobiles

Lansing Has 65 ‘Little Industries’ That Turn Out Everything from Drop Forgings to Permanent Wave Pads and Give Employment to Hundreds of Persons

Did you ever see chewing gum made? Or did you ever see the manufacture of permanent wave pads? Or did you ever see soap manufactured? If you didn’t you can do so without going outside the city limits of Lansing.

Lansing is known generally as an automobile city and rightly so, but did you know that there are 65 other industries here that make articles other than automobiles?

These 65 industries manufacture everything from drop forgings to cap hangers.

Some of them are little plants, employing one or two persons. Others are much larger, with several hundred persons on the payroll. The 65, however, provide employment for several hundred persons here the year around.

For instance, out at 731 North Hayford avenue, is the plant of the Lansing Specialties Manufacturing company. It is operated by Byrd H. Stelle who builds supports for plants, such as rose bushes and the like, markers and even dogs’ beds.

Stelle formerly was employed by the Melling Drop Forge company here. In his spare time he made “gadgets.” He found a ready sale for his articles and soon launched out on the sea of business with a full fledged, flourishing concern.

His factory is in the basement of his home. There he turns out “lawn protectors,” a sort of fence, supports for garden plants, holders for the garden hoses and other smaller articles, all of which are finding a ready market.

Then, too, there is the Fox Garment company at 811 Seymour avenue, which manufactures permanent wave pads, and the Fresca laboratory at 522 North Francis avenue, that makes antiseptic powder.

At 210 Isbell street is the plant of the Huntington Regulator company, which manufactures gas regulator devices.

Right downtown is another small industry, probably little known to the general public. It is the Lewis Cap Hanger company, which manufactures cap hangers at 113 South Washington avenue.

In the northwestern part of the nation where winds sweep across the flat lands and breezes are more than zephyrs men wear caps. Likewise in the Carolinas and Virginia, gentleman apparently own at least one apiece. So says Earl Lewis, who owns the only cap hanger manufactory in the United States. Northwest and southwest America have the best markets today, he says.

Mr. Lewis patented the hanger in 1921, inventing it the first year after he entered the clothing business. He followed it by tie racks and his circular racks with layers of circles going round and round are located not only in every state in the Union but in 10 foreign countries. “We have shipped to Scotland, England, Australia, China, the Argentine, Brazil and Germany” he says. “First we made the hangers by hand from a die. We used to buy a ton of wire at a time. Finally we developed an automatic wire machine and increased the output 10 fold in the same time. Looking back to the hand work it seems a slow process when we can feed wire in the machine and see it come out ready made hangers.”

First invention of its kind, the Lewis hanger provides a little hook which keeps the cap in shape and is suspended from a long rack. The machine which makes the product today was made by Anton Winters, expert machine worker in a Lansing automobile plant.

Also on Washington avenue, at 213 1-2 North, is the plant of the True Blue Gum company which for years has turned out a product that is popular in many parts of the country.

Climbing the stairs in a building to this industry, the nostrils and jaws are tantalized by a company of pleasing and spicy odors. This is the van guard of the True-Blue gum factory owned by John Bohnet. It is the only stick gum manufactory in the state and one of the 35 general gum makers.

Protracted and few jaw movement through a wide are by countless hundreds of people is needed to dispose of 15 tons of gum, the amount made last year by the Lansing firm for a Grand Rapids company. The thought of 20 tons for the year distributed throughout the United States makes the gum chewer feel that he is not alone.

In the Bohnet factory the visitor finds great quantities of choice, basic material for the best gum, which is imported from South America and refined on Staten Island, New Year. Cane sugar, ground to powder, and corn syrup are the other ingredients and when each is properly processed one great chewy mass boils in one fourth of a ton at a “mix.” Cut by piano wires – no knife is fine enough – it goes through a kneader where starch is mixed with sugar to keep it from sticking. Cooled and rolled it reaches the proper thickness, the latter determined by a micrometer; for it must be adjusted to the wrapping machine, and made into two stick or five stick packages.

Flavor for the gum may come via New York from the peppermint fields of Michigan, or from countries abroad, homes of of the essence of strong perfumes. Good gum calls for double distilled oils. “We have to be sure of our source for flavor” says Mr. Bohnet, “in order to have the proper distillation.” A ton of gum calls for 900 pounds of sugar and syrup making the basic material around one-third. Capacity for a ton per day exists in the Lansing factory. It opened in 1909 and Mr. Bohnet has directed it for the past five years. Until recently he has provided gum for outside firms only who sell it under their own trade name. This year marks a package bearing his own brand.

* * *
Studio couches are turned out by two industries here. The Burton Dixie corporation, out West Willow street, and the Bunday company also makes mattresses.

Sweeping compound is a product of two industries here. One is the J. P. S. Chemical company at 702 East Grand River avenue, and the other is the Michigan company in the Strand Arcade. The Grand River avenue concern also manufactures soaps.

In the heavier industries, are several steel concerns, forging plants, factories making furnaces, centrifused brake drums, brass castings, gravel handling equipment, Diesel engines, lawn mowers, carts and scrapers, dies and tools, jigs and stampings, screw machine products, gas engines, and sheet metal products.

Included in this are the Atlas Drop Forge company at 209 West Mt. Hope avenue; the Capital Casting company at 500 South Hosmer street, the Capitol Tool-Engineering company at 611 North Grand avenue, the Capitol Steel corporation, the Ebel Hoist and Pump company at 326 South Hosmer street, the Federal Drop Forge company at 2200 South Washington avenue, the Gerson-Carey company at 411 East Kalamazoo street, the Hill Diesel Engine company at 238 Mill street, the Ideal Power Lawnmower company at 704 East Kalamazoo street, the Jarvis Engineering company at 901 River street, the Lansing Brass and Aluminum company at 411 East Ottawa street, the Lansing company at 603 North Cedar street, the Lansing Pattern and Manufacturing company at 700 Sheridan street, the Lansing Stamping company at 1159 South Pennsylvania avenue, the Lansing Steel corporation 636 North Larch street, the Laverty Machine and Welding Works at 427 South Capitol avenue, the Liden Manufacturing company at 702 Sheridan street, the Lindell Drop Forge company out South Logab street, the Melling Forge company at 1401 Case street, the Michigan Brass and Iron Works at 411 East Ottawa street, the New-Way Engine and Machine company at 706 Sheridan street, the Novo Engine company at 702 Porter street, the H. P. Spafford company, 326 South Hosmer street, the Standard Aluminun Casting company at 326 Hill street, the Thoman Die and Machine company at 528 Anderson court, the Wilson Machine works at 124 East Madison street and some other smaller ones.

If you want to see how spray pumps and garage equipment is made there is a factory here that will satisfy your curiosity. The John Bean Manufacturing company makes these articles in its plant at 735 East Hazel street.

You could paint the town with the paint turned out by factories in Lansing. There are three of them here, the Capital Paint Manufacturing company at 519 East Michigan avenue, the Lansing Paint and Color company on Glenrose street, and the Superior Paint company at 214 South Larch street.

Furnaces and air conditioners for homes and public buildings also bear the stamp of “made in Lansing, Mich.” The Dail Steel Products company at 750 East Main street, turns out these products.

Display fixtures for stores, also are made in Lansing by the Davis Metal Fixture company at 615 Brook street and the Hugh Lyons company at 701 East South street.

There are two monument concerns here, the Lansing Monument company at 510 East Michigan avenue and the R. A. Yunker company at 1026 East Mt. Hope avenue.

If you are need of cement blocks, Lansing makes them at the plant of the Robert Martin Cement Block company at 1420 East Main street. This company also manufactures septic tanks.

Far out in the northern section of the city on Highmount street is the Michigan Fertilizer company which makes fertilizer and chemicals.

Hardware specialties are made here, too, by G. S. Ressler and Son on South Cedar street.

Ring gears, steel culverts and piping, commercial refrigeration and electric water heaters add more products to Lansing’s ever growing list of manufactured articles.

Many of these plants are tucked away in out-of-the-way places in the city and are practically unknown except to their own trade. But year in and year out they plod alone, turning out products that find their way to all parts of the United States and into foreign countries.

Among the larger industries engaged in the manufacture of articles not associated with the motor car industry is the Motor Wheel corporation, which, in addition to making automobile wheels, also manufactures oil burners and steel barrels.

There are several other concerns engaged in the manufacture of automobile parts. These include the Luce Manufacture concern, which makes custom truck bodies.

The Duplex Truck company, another Lansing industry, manufactures motor trucks which are sold throughout the world.

All these with the giant industries of the city – the Oldsmobile, Motor Wheel, Reo and Fisher Body plants – make of Lansing one of the leading industrial centers of the middle west.

Lansing, through all its history has been something of a manufacturing town, but it showed its greatest advance as a manufacturing center about the turn of the century.

In 1883, the name of P. F. Olds and Son, loomed large in the list of Lansing factories. The “son” in the firm was destined to make Lansing the giant industrial center it is today. Ransom E. Olds in those days was just experimenting with a “horseless carriage” and which in 1897 brought forth another company known as the Olds Motor Vehicle company. These were the first steps toward the industries of the Olds Motor Works and The Reo Motor Car company which today are among Lansing’s leading plants and the products of which are known throughout the world.



Lansing’s Early History – The First Shows

Copied from The Lansing Journal – MI – Saturday, May 12, 1906

Lansing’s Early History – The First Shows

It was in 1847 that the capital of the state of Michigan was moved to the town of Michigan, renamed Lansing; and in February 1848, while the first legislature which met at the new capital was still in session, the first opera troupe to exhibit in the future auto metropolis appeared in the dining room of the old Seymour house, now Franklin Terrace, on Franklin avenue east.

Wood & Gillam’s Minstrels was the first show staged here and the dining room was packed with state officials, legislatures, townspeople and visitors from Dewitt and other places. Van Rensselaer Tooker can remember well the show which the two mulattoes and their troupe presented, and it is perfectly evident that the event, the first of the kind he or Lansing had ever seen left a vivid impression upon his memory.

There were twelve members of the company,” he says, “all colored men, and they gave a regular old-fashioned minstrel show. It was there I first heard that song “The Camptown Races,” with the chorus which became famous: “I’ll bet my money on the bob-tailed mare, who’ll bet on the gray?

Those minstrels were reckoned very good in those days, and they certainly had one of the finest shows of its class I ever saw.

The next show which came to Lansing was the Antonio Brothers, Frenchman, acrobats, who exhibited at the same place to a large house. Many people had to be turned away. As I remember it, the troupe consisted of the father, who was the manager, four sons and two daughters.

Shows were given in different halls throughout the city after that. In March 1873, the first entertainment was given in Buck’s opera house, before it was finished, a fly-by-night concern exhibiting there. The opera house was formally opened May 3, 1873, by Edwin Booth in ‘Hamlet’, exhibiting to a house which netted $1,596. That night 30 tickets were sold to Greenville people. May 9, the same year, Joseph Jefferson appeared in ‘Rip Van Winkle’, playing to a $900 house.

Lawrence Barrett appeared here in ‘Cardinal Richelieu’, the date I do not remember, it was soon after the house was opened. Barrett and I were chums in Detroit, where we lived together as boys. Barrett used to ‘supe’ in Ellis & Parker’s old theatre there, and would frequently get passes for me. Later he became a bell boy in the old Michigan Exchange, then he set type in the office of the old ‘Advertiser’, all the time studying for the stage. When he finally became a full-fledged actor I lost track of him until he came here.

I had been told by theatrical people that Barrett would not recognize me. When he appeared at the opera house I was lighting the gas, with which the theatre was lighted. I asked him if he remembered what had become of a friend, Chauncey Tibbles. He had not. Asking my name, I told him ‘Jim Tooker’. After that he was very cordial, asking me from the front of the theatre – I was tending door – to the stage where he had a long visit. He asked about my family, said he would like to meet my wife, and we had a good old time, talking over early days in Detroit.

Accidents in the old opera house? Not a one. Panics? Not a scare. Once we did have a small sized riot. A spiritualist was the bill – one of the fake variety – and he had a lot of people up on the stage when someone raised a kick, and the audience demanded their money back. The old fakir started for the box office where Mate Buck had the money, but I got there first and Mate went across to the furniture store, where it was dark, with the money done up in a bag. We finally succeeded in quieting the audience, who had begun to toss the chairs around, and got them out of the house, locking the doors.”

Once too, a member of college students became dissatisfied with the show and tried to block the hallway, but ‘Billy’ Matthews, who was a special policeman, and I cleared the hall and dispersed the crowd.

The first circus that came here was Levi J. North’s in 1858. North showed on the lot across from R. E. Olds present home. He had one tent, a 90-foot round top, the early circuses having no menagerie. He came here in wagons from Jackson. I remember that ‘Bill’ Lake was the clown, one of the best clowns in the early days.

Dan Rice in 1862, had the first railroad show, and came to Lansing from Owosso on the ‘Ramshorn’ which had only been completed to the deep cut. From there the wagons had to be drawn to what is now the Third Ward Park, where the exhibit took place.

Shows were held here for several years. Later the state lot was used. Forepaugh once put up tents on the site of the Wagon works. The Olds Gas Power company site, the Sparrow block on Washington avenue near the Grand Trunk tracks, and a lot in the western port of the city, between Ottawa and Ionia streets were also used. The only time John Robinson showed here, I forget the date, he used the land now occupied by the Omega Separator company.

In 1872 I first entered the bill-posting business here, before that, since 1862, having been associated in the the circus business with J. E. Warner, with whom I visited every important town from Mackinaw to Cincinnati, and from Portsmouth, New Hampshire, to Council Bluffs.

Van Amberg brought the first menagerie to Lansing in 1874. Van Amberg, I remember, was the first man who entered a cage of lions. Hyatt Frost was the manager, and he had another intrepid animal tamer, Herr Drisback, a German or Russian. That year I handled paper for five circuses, the greatest number ever in Lansing in a single season. Besides Van Amberg’s, there were the Great London shows, Forepaugh’s and two others. Barnum, at a later date, was the first to use private cars, all others having hired their trains of the railroads. Barnum was also the first to have two trains.

Buffalo Bill had their first ‘Wild West’ show, in the opera house. The next year he came back with the canvas fence.

The parade was a feature of the old circus, but was a meager affair compared with the display that has been made in late years. One year, Dan Rice’s parade consisted of Mentor’s cornet band, the blind horse, Excelsior jr., and two trick mules.

Bill posting in those days was carried on in a more extensive scale than now. The paper was cheaper, but it was well printed in colors, although with fewer lithographs. Most of the printing was done by the Cincinnati Enquirer, the Buffalo Courier, and two New York firms. Booth & Co., and Clavey & Riley. I recall one show when I handled nearly 350 sheets of bill-board advertising.”




Pioneer Times At North End

Copied from The State Republican – Lansing, Michigan – Tuesday, May 9, 1905
(About 1850)

Pioneer Times At North End

By J. E. Warner

Old Settlers are often importuned to tell the present generation what they knew about Lansing before the majority of its present inhabitants were born. I have on several occasions made a public revelation of what I knew of its early history, but now am requested to brush up my memory and reveal to the readers of the State Republican something of the early history of that particular locality called by comment consent, North Lansing.

Fifty-five years ago in March, I came by the “Foot and Walker” line from Wayne county and landed in North Lansing and somehow the attractions that I stumbled onto in that locality proved so magnetic that I have been chained, as it were to the part of our city all these years.

Business at that time was very much condensed and clustered about the corners of Franklin and Center sts. Jas. Seymour and his co-partners owned nearly all the land in this immediate vicinity, and to boom their property, erected a fine hotel which they called the Seymour house. This was the attractive feature of the village, and for several years the leading hotel in Lansing. This hotel was headquarters for the law makers of the state who were at that time in session in the new capitol, located on the block bordered by Washington and Capitol aves on the east and west, and by Allegan and Washtenaw sts on the north and south. As an aggregation of law makers and fun makers, this first general assembly here out Webstered Daniel the Great and put to shame the favorite Sons of Momus.

Social events were limited for the lack of convenient places to meet. There were no theaters, no clubs, and no special attractions, and when the men and boys wanted an evening of good solid enjoyment they would gather in the spacious bar room of the hotel and listen to the jokes and yarns of their neighbors.

A two-plank walk extended from the hotel to the capitol, over which the distinguished sojourners were wont to tramp, to and from every day during their stay in the city of the woods. One member, an old hunter, always carried his gun and one night he came home with a large turkey strung over his shoulder that he killed near the hill where Bailey M. Buck lives. Fresh meat, other than wild game was a scarce article. Partridges and quail were plenty, and as there was no law limiting for killing, the hotel table was always well supplied with these dainty and palatable meats, and when the warm spring days brought the chattering squirrel from his winter hiding place, the landlord would go or send a man out with a shot gun, who would return in an hour or so with a dozen black squirrels, that would provide a delicious pot-pie for dinner.

Quite frequently deer were killed within what is now the corporate limits of the city, and one day I remember a large black bear came into the village. Just west of the bridge two Indians took the trail and captured the animal about where the School for the Blind is located.

Indians were very plenty here in those days, Old Okemos, a noted chief, with his tribe, made frequent visits to the village. They would go into camp in what was known as the Turner woods, now occupied by the spacious residence of Hon. F. L. Dodge. They would remain several days, exchanging furs, dried venison, roots, herbs, etc. for such articles as their tastes desired and of which the two merchants kept a good supply especially for the Indian trade. A small quantity of “fire water” was usually sandwiched in with other purchases. It was an interesting sight to see the Indians coming to town. They came on their ponies, Indian file or to make it plain to the uninitiated, single file. Old Okemos always in the lead. The squaws, like the males, rode astride and carried their camp equipage strapped on behind the rider. The train always reached from Center st. out beyond the Camp farm nearly a mile in length. It was always a half-holiday when this great caravan was headed for the camping ground in the Turner woods, and one occasion the attraction proved so great that the legistlature adjourned and loaned their august presence as spectators to this wild and weird pagent, illustrated by our original American citizens.

Another incentive for the assembling of the people was the arrival of the stage from Detroit. The Seymour house was the landing place for the stage and at its arrival daily about 6 p. m., the sound of the driver’s horn, for which the inhabitants were listening would cause a stampede of the whole population for the corners, and about the hotel. The stage driver was a bigger man than Gen. Jackson. The interest and excitement that occurs about our railroad stations of the present day on arrival of trains are not compared with the interest taken in the arrival of the old Concord coach, drawn by four foaming steeds and the crack and flourish of the Jehu’s whip.

North Lansing was about the whole thing in those days. It was the principal part of what is now our beautiful city. We were one happy family. No jealousies, no social distinction – all seemed united in the one great object of building up a city, peopled with fathers and mothers, of whom our children, in after years, might with pride turn back the pages of the book of progress and say “they were my ancestors.” Of such was North Lansing 55 years ago.

Photo Caption: Joseph E. Warner. Author of Interesting Sketch of Early Days at North End.

Note from Timothy: Joseph Warner was Mayor of all the city of Lansing in 1878, and his home still stands today at 1230 West Willow Street.


original article - part 1 of 2

original article – part 1 of 2

original article - part 2 of 2

original article – part 2 of 2


Extended Index to Lansing CCC book

Extended Index to the 1986 history book – Lansing: Capital, Campus, And Cars
by Sallie M. Manasseh, David A. Thomas, James F. Wallington
photography by W. Spencer Parshall
foreward by Governor James Blanchard

After scanning and trying to have this OCR’d unsuccessfully, decided to just type up.
Corrected some out of alphabetical order.
Also added information from photo captions not included in original index.
Compiled by Timothy Bowman – Finished September 5, 2016.

Abbot, Theophilus C.: 132
Abbot Hall: 62
Abbott Building: 179
Abels, W.S.:34
Abrams Aerial Survey Corporation: 64, 67
Abrams Instruments: 163
Abrams Planetarium: 137-138
Abrams, Talbert (Ted): 49, 138
Abrams, Leota: 138
AC Delco Division: 187
Accident Fund of Michigan: 79
Ackley, Linda: 167
Acme Business College (in photo): 79
ACTS (Area Congregations Together in Service): 118
Adams, Mrs. Frank L.: 219 [Franc]
Adams, Walter: 138
Adler, Bob: 106
Advance Realty Co.: 170
Affeldt, John: 58, 70
African Methodist Episcopal Church: 119
Agase, Alex (Northwestern): 136
Agricultural College of Michigan: 129, 203
Agricultural Hall: 36, 37
Agricultural Building: 131
Akers, Forest: 103
Albers, Bishop Joseph H.: 177
Albion College: 24, 129, 134
Aldinger, Frederick C.:219
Alexander Furnace and Manufacturing Company: 22, 23
Alex’s: 105
All-Star Printing: 164
Allen, Allie: 25
Allen-Sparks Gas Light Co.: 38
Al’s Coffee Shop: 104
Alton (Fred) & Son: 13
Alumni Memorial Union Building: 103
Amboy, Lansing &Traverse Bay Railroad: 15
American Association of Bible Colleges: 143
American Bank and Trust Company: 73, 185
American Bar Association: 143
American College of Probate Counsel: 184
American Cut Glass Company: 22
American Lung Association Building: 112
American Motors: 47
American Oil Company: 101
American Red Cross: 201
American Savings Bank: 73
American State Bank of Detroit: 51
American State Savings Bank: 51, 53, 66, 73
American’s Cup Restaurant: 106, 181
Anchor Motor Freight: 198
Anderson, A.C.: 179
Anderson, Bruce E.: 83
Anderson, Gladys Olds: 101
Andros, Alex: 104
Anglican: 119
Antankos: 104
Antiques (store front): 158
Anthony, Ernest L.: 65
Apostolic: 119
Arbaugh, F. N.: 83, 126
Arbaugh (F.N.) Company: 41, 50, 83
Arts and Sciences Building (LCC): 140
Arts Council of Greater Lansing: 95-96, 218
Ashley, Elva: 25
Assembly of God: 119
Atchison, William: 100
Atlas Drop Forge Company: 34, 36, 45, 56, 63, 64, 66, 68. 100
Atrium Office Building: 146
Aurelius Township: 7
Auto Body Company: 32, 33, 41, 42
Auto Wheel Company: 40, 42, 59
Auto Owners Insurance Company: vii, 65, 77, 148, 149, 168-169
Aux Delices: 106
Aviation Course at LCC: 141
Ayers, L.B.: 42

“Baby Reo”: 32
Backe Communications: 85, 217
Baha’i Spiritual Assemblies: 119
Baibak, Richard: 188
Bailey (J.C.) & Co.: 72
Bailey, Joseph C.: 72
Bailey, Liberty Hyde: 132
Baird, James J.: 91
Baird, Willard: 8, 12
Baird’s Opera House: 91
Baker, Arthur Davis: 11, 24, 77, 201
Baker, Bert J.: 179
Baker, Gen. Lafayette: 11
Baker, Lt. Luther B.: 11
Baker, Luther B.: 50
Baker, Luther H.: 11
Baker, Stannard L.: 11
Baker’s Shoes (in photo): 85
Bald, F. Clever: 219
Ball-Dunning Furnishing: viii
Ballard, Byron: 184
Ballerinas (young) at Turner-Dodge House: 94
Banc One Corporation: 179 [Bank One]
Bancroft, H. Lee: 99, 100
Bandurski, Robert: 133
Bank of Lansing: 45, 69, 74
Bank of Lansing Art Fair: 223
Baptists: 110, 111, 113, 116
Barathy, Karl: 70
Barker Fowler Electric: 82
“Barn, The”: 92
Barnes building (in photo): 72
Barnes Floral: 78, 211
Barnes, Orlando Mack: 17, 72
Barnes, Mrs. Orlando Mack: 120
Barns, Henry: 84
Barnum and Bailey Circus: 32
Barrette & Scully: 34
Barros Research Institute: 163
Bartlett, Henry B.: 139
Bartlett’s Business College: 139
Bartow, Nolan: 70
Basement Five: 107
Bates and Edmonds Engine Co.: 24, 37, 97
Bates, Donald: 60
Bates, Madison: 34, 36
Battle Creek Sanitarium: 23
Bauch Building: 168
Baudette (Theater): 91 [should be Vaudette Theatre]
Beach Manufacturing: 20
Beal Gardens: 139, 162
Beal, William James: 132, 133, 219
Bear Lake Subdivision (Okemos): 182
Beardsley, Paul R.: 210
Beattie, Stanley E.: 143
Beaumont, John: 134
Beaumont Tower: 134, 145
Beck, Herbert J.: 139
Beck, Lewis: 36
Beck’s Clothing Store: 25
Beecher, Edward: 25
Beekman Center: 197
Beekman, Marvin E.: 128, 129
Beggar’s Banquet: 106
Behrendt, D.: 117
Beilfuss, Motor Co.: 35
Belen’s (flower store): 78
Bement Baseball Team: 23
Bement, Arthur O.: 19, 22
Bement Baseball Team: 23
Bement, C.E.: 39, 42, 126
Bement, Edwin: 19
Bement Parade Float: 23
Bement & Sons: 22
Bement Plant: 19, 38, 39
Bement Workers (group photo): 19
Benedict, Frank: 140
Benner, Lee: 53
Bennett, Lois: 224
Bennington Hills subdivision near Perry (MI): 181
Benton House: 12, 14, 139
Berg, Peter Iverson: 219
Berger, Gustave: 20
Bethlehem Lutheran: 115
Beurmann-Marshall Corporation: 164
Bible Churches: 119
Bicentennial History of Ingham County: 5
Biddle City: 5, 6
Bidwell, Seth: 189
Bingham, Gov. Kinsley S.: 129, 203
Bio-Gas Detector Corporation: 163
Bishop, Alfred: 180
Black, Kenneth: 98
Blades, Rev. Frank A.: 110
Blair, Lyle: 219
Blaisdell, Thomas C.: 219
Blanchard, Gov. James: ii, iv, v, 164
Bliss, H. Bond: 44
Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Michigan: vii, 77-78, 124-125, 164, 170-171, 176, 190
Blunt, Christopher: 106
Board of Realtors: v, 6
Board of Water & Light: vi, vii, viii, 78-81, 162, 172, 219
BoarsHead Theater: 92, 93, 95, 156, 218
Boess, Daniel: 25
Bohnet Electric Company: 82
Bohnet, George: 82, 83
Bohnet, William F.: 82
Booth, Edwin: 75, 90
Booth, John Wilkes: 75
Borbas, Hope: 219
Bouck, Bob: 218
Bowd and Munson: 36, 50, 61, 179
Bowd, Edwyn A.: 36, 37, 41
Boynton, Gary: ii, 218
Boynton Photography: ii, 218
Bradner, H.E.: 33
Brady, Jimmy: 29
Brainard, Owen: 107
Brancheau, Rev. Father Lafayette I.: 114
Brandstatter, Art: 135
Brantley, Terri: 224
Brauer, Stanley: 103
Brauer’s 1861 House: 89
Brel, Jacque: 156
Brennan, Thomas E.: 143
Breslin (Jack) Student Events Center: 139
Brink, Lawrence R.: 108
Broas, Charles: 78
Brookfield: 50
Brophy, J.W.: 53
Brown, Addison Makepeace: 179
Brown, C. Exera: 219
Brown, Jeannette: 196
Brown-King, Judi: 135
Brown’s City Directory: 16, 18, 20, 104
Brownson, C.E.: 25
Brucker, Dr. Karl and Ione: 91
Brush Electric System Operating Center (BWL): 172
Buck, Daniel W.: 13, 22, 75, 90
Buck (D.W.) Furniture and Undertaking: 75, 90
Buck, Mary: 120
Buck’s Opera House: 75, 90
Buckskin (Lt. L.B. Baker’s horse): 11
Buick: 38
Buick-Oldsmobile-Cadillac Group of General Motors: 166, 186, 187, 198, 218
Buick Somerset Regal: 187
Bunday Furniture: 78
Burcham Woods apartments: 181
Burchard, John W.: 6, 7, 17, 74
Burr, Mrs. Laura: 129
Burton, Mark: 218
Bush, Charles: 14
Bush, J.J.: 22
Bush, John: 72
Bushnell, Frederick: 5, 6
Butler, John W.: 13
Butterfield: 91
Buxton, Dave: 214
B’Zar Restaurant: 106, 181

CADAM (Computer Augmented Design and Manufacturing): 142
Cady, Claude E.: 91
Caguiat, Carlos J.: 173
Calliopean Society: 90
Camp Discovery: 101
Candy Land: 104
Cannell & Edmonds: 56
Capital Aircraft Corporation: 45, 49
Capital Area United Way: 126, 215
Capital Auto Company: 83
Capital City Airport: 49, 69
Capital City Baptist Church: 118
Capital Motion Pictures: 40-41
Capital National: 48, 74
Capital News: 84
Capitol Building(s): xii-xiii, 12, 112
Capitol (theater): 91
Capitol Cadillac: 84
Capitol City Lumber: 82
Capitol City Wrecking Company: 61-62, 82
Capitol Commons: 112
Capitol Federal Savings and Loan: 3, 73, 185
Capitol Investment Building and Loan Association: 73
Capitol National Bank: 74
Carnegie Public Library: 36, 98
Carpenter, Rolla: 24
Carpenter, William: 112
Carr, Leland W.: 62
Carrier, M. Ralph: 24
Carroll, J.E.: 23
Carter, W. L.: 78
Carver, Carlisle: 68, 219
Casa Nova: 106
Case, Mrs. D.L.: 16
Case, Daniel L.: 74, 120
Cassell & Edmonds (in photo): 56
Caspers Systems Corporation: 164
Catholic Community Services: 118
Catholics: 110, 112, 114, 115, 118, 119, 120, 122
Ceasar, Ford S.: ii, 5, 219, 224
Cedar Street School: 128
Celentino, Joe: 108
Celentino’s Lounge and Restaurant: 108
Center for the Arts: 92, 95, 96
Central Implement Company: 34
Central Michigan Business College: 139
Central Michigan Savings Bank: 18, 23
Central Methodist: 110, 115, 116
Central Park: 99
Central Park Group: 200
Central Park Place: 200
Central Presbyterian Universalites: 110
Centrifugal Fusing Company: 64, 67
Chapin, Edward and Ella King: 47
Chapin, Roy D.: 29, 46-47, 121
Chapman, Grover E.: 104
Chatterton, Sarah: 14
Cherry Street School: 18, 129
Chevrolet-Pontiac-GM of Canada Group: 187
Chicago Daily Tribune: 62, 65
Chief Okemos Boy Scout Council: 215
Children’s Theater: 94
Chippewas: 3
Christ Lutheran: 115
Christian and Missionary Alliance: 119
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ): 118, 119
Christian Methodist Episcopal: 119
Christian Reformed: 119
Christian Scientists: 117, 119
Christman Company: ix, 36, 50, 61, 83
Christmas Season 1882 Memories: 78
Chrysler: 61
Church of the Brethren: 118, 119
Church of Christ: 119
Church of the Resurrection: 53, 115, 177
Church Women United of Greater Lansing: 119
Churches of God in Christ: 119
Cisplatin: 138
Citizens Telephone Company: 78
City Club: 18, 103
City Hall: 49
City Market: 152
City National Bank: 56, 72-74
City of East Lansing: 178
City of Lansing: 95, 101, 188
City Visions, Inc.: 112
Civil War Muster (photo): 152-153
Civil Works Administration: 58
Clara’s: 70
Clark Carriage Company: 22
Clark (A.) & Company: 19, 27
Clark, Arthur J (A.J.).: 170, 179
Clark, Charles F.: 104
Clark, Ellis: 189
Clark, Frank G.: 27, 34
Clark, Ira: 32
Clark Construction Company: 140
Clark Sesquicentennial Farm – Eagle, Clinton County: 2
Clarkmobile Company: 34
Clemison, George: 97
Clinton County: 3, 72
Clinton County Republican: 53
Clinton, Judy Merrill: 144
Clinton Memorial: 123
Clinton National Bank: ix, 72
Clippert & Spaulding and Company: 35
Clowns (photo): 152-153
Club Lebanon: 105
Coldwater Republican: 8
College Drug Store: 51
College Hall: 131
College Lutheran: 115
College of Communications Arts and Sciences: 137
College Education: 136
College of Human Medicine: 138
College of Osteopathic Medicine: 123, 138
College of Veterinary Medicine: 123, 138
College Park: 178
Collegeville: 178
Collins, George C.: 68
Collver Custom Shirt Factory: 22
Colonial Theatre (background left-photo): 18
Commerce and Trade Building: 146
Communication Arts & Science Building: 85, 138
Community Circle Players: 92
Community Physician Groups: 190
Comstock Park (WPA Crew): 60
Congregational: 110, 111, 113, 116, 119
Congregation Shaarey Zedek: 117
Conrail: 16
Consumers Power Company: 53, 81, 174
Contemporary Image Adv., Ltd.: ii
Convent, The Old: 112
Coats, Kacia: 224
Cook, Addison (family): 4
Cooley, E.F.: 27, 174
Cooley Gardens: 101
Cooley-Haze House: 164
Cooley, Jacob Frederick: 5, 6
Cooley, Lansing: 6
Cooley, Lucy: 6
Cooley, Thomas M.: 143
Cooley (Thomas M.) Law School: 143-144, 162
Cooper House: 25
Copyfitters, Ltd.: ii
Coral Gables Restaurant: 105, 218
Corey’s Restaurant: 106
Corr (F.) Inc.: 83
Corr, Francis: 83
Corr, Dorothy: 83
Coscarelli’s: 106
Costerisan, Floyd: 199
Cottage Hospital: 120
Country Club of Lansing: 103
Cowles, A.E.: 22
Cowles House: 139
Crane, Maurice: 107
Cranson, K.R.: 218
Crego, Mayor Raph: 68
Cranson, K.R.: ii
Cristo Rey: 118, 177
Crocker, George: 48
Cronk Brothers Gum Factory: 32
CROP Walk: 118, 126
Crossman, D.L.: 76
Crossroads Cafeteria: 70
Crotty, John: 22
Crotty’s City Book Store: 25
Crystal White Sugar Company: 55
Cullins, Paul: 107
Curry, John: ii, 224
“Curved-dash Oldsmobile”: 29-32, 33, 46
Cycle and Auto Trade Journal: 35

Dail Steel Products: 40
Dakin College: 121
Dancer-Brogan: 41
Dancer’s Fashions: ix
Danforth, E.B.: 13
Darling, Birt: 2, 3, 6, 11, 12, 19, 72, 114, 219, 224
Dart, Doc Campbell: 74
Dart, Eben: 14, 15
Dart, John H.: 140-141
Dart, Rollin C.: 74
Dart, Sarah: 12
Dart Aircraft: 49
Dart Auditorium: 141
Dart Container Corporation: 69, 205
Dart National Bank: 74
Dash, M.: 15, 16, 219
Data Communications Technical Services (Burroughs): 163
Datamatic Processing, Inc.: 164
Daugherty, Hugh “Duffy”: 136
Davenport College of Business: vii, ix, 20, 40, 175
Davis, Arthur: 49
Davis, Arthur T.: 76
Davis, Benjamin F.: 36, 42, 68
Davis brothers: 78
Davis, Charles J.: 17, 22
Davis Ice Cream Co.: 44
Davis, James R.: 184
Davis, Dr. Marilee: 167
Davison Chemical Company: 65
Decker, Carmen: 93
Degen, Wanda: 118
DeKleine Company: 189
Delta Dental Insurance: vii
Delta Dental Plan of Michigan: 78, 151, 176
Delta Dental (Smile Day): 125
Delta Diesel Engine Plant (Delta Township): 187
Delta 88: 187
Delta Mills: 5
Delta Queen riverboat: 107
DeHaven, Craig: 105
DeMarco, Emil: 106
Department of Mechanic Arts (MSU): 132
Department of Military Science and Tactics (MSU): 132
Depot, The: 108
Detroit Free Press: 49, 65
Detroit Product Team: 186
Deviney Place (House): 120, 212
Dewhurst, Kurt: 50
DeWitt Station (railroad men): 15
Dexter Trail: 4
Dialog Systems, Inc.: 163
Diamond Reo: 69
DiBiaggio, John A.: 139, 203
Diocese of Lansing (Catholic): 114, 177, 218
Dine’s: 105
Dixieland Express: 107
Dixon, Martha: 217
Dr. Zap and Annie Anatomy: 191
Dodge Brothers: 83
Dodge, Frank L. and Abby: 102
Dodge, Fred: 50
Dolson, John L.: 34
Donahue, Kitty: 107
Donnelly, Mike: 135
Dot, Wing: 106
Dougan, Jeffrey: 93
Dowden, Mr. and Mrs. William: 139, 140
Downey (Hotel): 11, 25, 33, 61, 104, 120, 212
Downtown Arts Theater: 91
Downtown Lansing, Michigan Avenue (100 block): 71
Drake, Robert: 107
Dream Lake Condominiums (Okemos): 182
Driggs Aircraft Corporation: 49
Driggs, Ivan H.: 49
Driscoll, Lewis: 36
Driscoll’s Cigar Store: 34
Drobney, Roger: 200
Druse, Joseph: 219
Dunn, Jim: 182
Dunn & Fairmont: 182
Dunham Hardware: 24
Duo Therm: 63
Duplex Truck Company: 40, 45, 62, 64, 67, 97
Durand, J.T.: 5
Durant: 97
Durant, Billy: 38
Durant, Samuel W.: 13, 16, 18, 76, 219
Durant, W.C.: 42
Durant Motor Works: 42, 44, 60

Eagle Restaurant: 91, 105-106
Earl, Harley: 64
East Campus Intramural Facility: 139
East Lansing Development Corporation: 179
East Lansing, Michigan: vii, 178
East Lansing Peace Education Center: 118
East Lansing Press: 53, 56
East Lansing Public Library: 218
East Lansing State Bank: 73, 179
Eastern High School: 48, 59
Eastern-Pattengill Field House: 185
Eaton Medical Group: 163
Eaton Rapids Community Hospital: 123
Eaton Stamping Company: 163
Ebersol, Charles E.: 139
Ebersole (Vernon D.) Environmental Education and Conference Center: 197
Eberson, John: 48
Eckert, Kathryn: 37
Eckert Power Plant: 81
Edmonds, James Pelton (J.P.): 14, 37, 219
Edmonds (J.W.) Company: 56
Eichinger, Marilynne: 96
1861 House: 18, 103
Eilers. Al: ii
El Azteco: 108
Elbinger (Doug) Studios: 218
Elderly Instruments: 70
Electronic Data Systems Corporation (EDS): 186
Elliott, Frank N.: 219
Elliott, Onalee: 200
Ellis, Leon: 199
Emerald Forest homes (Okemos): 182
Emil’s East and West: 106
Emmanuel First Lutheran Church: 113
Empress: 91
Engineering Building: 85
Episcopalians: 113, 118, 119
Eppley Center for the College of Business: 137
Ernest Sayers’ Turkish Bath: 39
Estes Furniture: vii, 78, 180
Estill’s Cafeteria: 104
Estill, Russell: 104
Everett House: 10
Everson, John: 91
Expounder: 10
Eyde Construction Company: 83, 181, 188
Eyde, George and Louis: 106, 181, 188
Eydealville (now North Point Apartments); 181

Factory in Production: 58
Fairchild Theater: 136
Fairmont (Scott) Builders: vii, 182
Famous Grill: 104
Farm at the corner of Grand River Avenue and Hagadorn Road (East Lansing): 39
Farm Bureau Services, Inc.: 67
Farm Help Bureau: 39
Farmers’ Bank of Mason: 73
Farwood Subdivision (East Lansing): 182
Faunce, Bill: 107
Federal Drop Forge: 64, 68, 69
Federal Emergency Relief Administration: 58
Federal Mogul (St. Johns Plant): vii, 69, 147, 183
Federated Publications: 84
Fedewa, Fr. Matthew: 177
Fenner Arboretum: 100
Fenner, Carl: 100
Ferrey, Mrs. Marie B.: 97
Ferris, Gov. William N.: 97
Ferris State: 24
Fire Engine (Early): 77
Fire Station #2: 72
Fireproof Storage Company: 53
First Baptist Church: 37, 110
First Baptist Society: 111
First Church of Christ Scientist: 117
First Methodist Class: 110
First National Bank: 18, 72
First National Bank of St. Johns: 72
First New Church Society: 110
First of America Bank – Central: 73, 185, 215
First Presbyterian Church: 110, 111, 115
First State Savings Bank: 74
First Ward Schoolhouse: 110, 111, 114
Firth, Henry: 20
Fish, Jeff: ii, 218
Fisher Body: 42, 44, 52, 58, 61, 64, 66, 68, 69, 186
Fitch, George: 84
“Fitness for Youth”: 124
Fitzgerald, Governor Frank: 60
Fitzgerald Park: 92
Fizzell, Dick: 107
Flaherty, Jo Ellen: 224
Fleming Hotel: 36
Fletcher, Hon. Wm. A.: 76
Flying Cloud (Reo Speed Wagon Model): 45
Foo Ying Cafe: 106
Foote, W.A.:81
Ford, Kathy: 107
Ford, Simon: 76
Ford, William and Jerry: 5, 6
Forest Computer: 163
Forrester, U. H.: 78
Foster, Joe C., Jr.: 184
Foster, Richard B.: 76
Foster, Walter S.: 76, 179
Foster Street School: 36
Foster, Swift, Collins & Coey, P.C.: 76
Foster, Walter S.: 170
Foster, William Hornden: xvi
Fowler, B.C.: 82
Fowler, Pamela K.: 224
Fox Brothers Grocery: 51
Fox, Martin Luther: 116
Frances Park: 53, 99, 100
Frandor and Clinton Bank: 182
Frandor Shopping Center: 83
Franklin Cars: 83
Frankling House: 25
Fraser, Archie C.: 184
Fraser, Trebilcock, Davis & Foster: vii, 76, 184
Free Methodist: 119
Freeman, Robert: 185
Freeman, Smith and Associates (Architects): vii, 185
French, Robert E.: 207
Friedland, David: 117
Friends of Cooley Gardens and Other Greenspaces: 101
Friends of the Zoo Society: 86-87, 100
Frizzell, Dick: 107
Frontier, The: 108
Full Gospel Businessmen’s Fellowship Association: 119
Fuentes, Margarita and Ramon: 106
Furda Biomedical Labs, Inc.: 163

Gabriels, Father John: 53
Gale Manufacturing Company: 24
Gannett Co., Inc.: 84, 95
Gannon, Phillip: 140-142, 195
Gannon Vocational-Technical Center: 141
Garden (theater): 91
Gardner (Marjorie J.) Wellness Center: 209
Gardner Middle School: 197
Gateway Systems Corporation: 163
General Motors: vii, 38, 42, 61, 67, 69, 161, 176, 184, 186-187, 190
GM Parts Plant: 187
GM Warehousing & Distribution Division: 186
Geriatrix Six Plus One: 107
German Methodist Church: 110
Get Away Travel ‘n Tours: 164
Gibson, Ronald: 108
Gier, B.S.: 59, 204
Gier Pressed Steel: 40, 42, 59
Gikas, Tom: 104
Gillett and Kirby Jewelry Store: 25, 165
Gillett, Israel: 11
Gladmer Theater: 75, 90
Gleason, Joseph G.: 78, 122, 170
Glenn, Col. J.L.: 10
“God’s Barn”: 110
Gold Card Club: 197
Goodman, Sarah Frances: 99
Goodrich, Rep. Enos: 8
Goodyear: 97
Grace Lutheran: 115
Grainger, Helen F.: 219
Grammel, Randolph: 35
Grand Ledge Chair Company: 49
Grand Ledge Clay Products Company: 49
Grand Ledge Lion: 49
Grand Ledge Sewer Tile Company: 49
Grand River Ave. (East Lansing) photos: 50, 178
Grand River Trail: 4
Grand River Valley Road: 16
Grand Trunk – Canadian National U.S. Canada: 16, 32
Grand Trunk Railroad (cars): 14, 15
Grand Trunk Railroad (depot): 37
Grandmothers: 105
Grange Life: 78
Granger Construction Company: 83
Granger, GayMarie – Pen and Inc.: ii, 218
Grant (W.T.) Store: 56
Gray, Mayor Peter: 56
Great Depression: 51-56, 59, 60, 72, 134, 136
Great Lakes Bible College: 101, 143, 175
Greater Lansing Area Dance Council: 94
Greater Lansing Board of Realtors: vii, 69
Greater Lansing Chamber of Commerce (title varies): 42, 44, 58, 63, 67, 69. 97, 162, 166, 214
Greater Lansing Council of Churches: 118
Greater Lansing Symphony: 92-93
Greek Orthodox: 119
Green Thumb: 102
Greenleaf, Bill: 224
Greenville, Treaty of: 2
Grinnell, Bryan: 107
Grinwis, Diana L.: ii, 224
Gross, Harold: 85, 217
Gross Telecasting: 85, 217
Gurganian, Vaughn: 218
Gusting A. Mops & Co.: 34

Hacker, Ted: 107
Hackett, John P.: 50
Hagadorn, Dr. J.W.: 36
Hager, Alton J.: 49
Hager Fox Company: vii
Hales Manufacturing Co.: 34
Halstead, Charles N.: 84
Hammell Cigar Co.: 20, 22
Hammell, James: 20, 22
Hammond, John: 92
Hammond, Jason Elmer: 24
Hancock Manufacturing Co.: 45
Hanley, Richard: 70
Hannah, John A.: 66, 136-138, 184, 188
Hannah Technology & Research Center: vii, 163, 181, 188
Happendance: 94
Harbor Point Resort: 37
Harbor Springs: 37
Harper, Harry F.: 40, 59, 204
Harden, Edgar L.: 138, 215
Harley Hotel: 107
Harper, Harry F.: 170
Harris, Max D.: 199
Harrison Roadhouse: 108
Harry Hill High: 128
Hart, A.N.: 13
Hart, Dar: 107
Hart, George W.: 33
Hart’s Flour Mill: 19
Hasselbring-Clark: vii, 189
Hasselbring Company: 189
Hasselbring, Russell: 189
Hawley, Augustus D.: 76
Hayek, John: 219
Hayes Electric Co.: 82
Hayes, F.D.: 82
Hayes-Green-Beach Hospital: 123
Hayes Motor Wheel Company: 50
“Headlight Flashes”: 20, 219
Heald, Anthony: 92
Health Central, Inc.: vii, 124, 150, 190
Heartwood homes (Okemos): 182
Heath, J.J.: 20
Herrmann Conference Center: 195
Herrmann, Conrad: 48
Herrmann, John Theodore: 48
Herrmann, Richard: 48
Hermann Tailor Shop: 45
Herrmann’s (John) & Sons: 45, 48
Heward, Hugh: 2
Hildreth Manufacturing Company: 19
Hildreth Motor & Pump Co.: 35
Hill Academic and Vocational Center: 197
Hill-Diesel Engine Company: 45, 64, 97
Historical Society of Greater Lansing: 114
History of Ingham and Eaton Counties of Michigan: 13, 76
HMO (Health Maintenance Organization): 124
Hobies, Inc.: 108
Holbrook, E.P.: 139
Holden Reid: 78
Hollister Building: 56. 74, 77, 168, 184
Holmes, Elwin C., and daughter Luvenia: 55
Holmes, John C.: 129, 131
Holmes, Luvenia: 55
Holmes, Warren S., Co.: 170
Holmes, W.S. & Son: 23
Holy Cross church: 177
Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church: 185
Home Dairy: 104, 105
Home Dairy Building: 76
Home Health Care of Sparrow, Inc.: 213
Honhart, Dr. Fred: 224
Hopewell Indians: 2
Hopkins, Claude: 38
Horizon Center: 196
Horticulture Building: 50
Horuczi, Jackie: 200
Hosmer, Rufus: 84
Hotel Butler: 25
Hotel Kerns: 10, 61, 211
Hotel Maltby: 25
Hotel Olds: 48, 170
Hotel Wentworth: 10
Hough, Jim (The Onlooker): 86-87
Hudson, J.L.:47
Hudson Motor Car Company: 29, 46, 47
Hugarth, John R.: viii
Hugh Lyons & Co.: 23, 53, 64, 99
Hughes, Robert B.: vii
Hungerford (Morgan B.) home: 171
Hunt, Ada, Clara, Agnes and Florence: 51
Hunt Club: 105
Hunt’s Food Shop: 51
Hurt, Mary Beth: 92
Hurt, William: 92
Huxtable, (Frank) Farms: 143
Hynes, Sister Mary Assisium: 122

Ideal Power Lawn Mower Company: 45
Imes (Lewis E.) Photo Studio (above bank-photo): 18, 25
Immaculate Heart of Mary church: 177
Impression 5 Museum: vii, 96, 153, 191
Inco Graphics: viii
Independent Fundamentalists: 119
Indoor Football Practice Facility: 139
Indoor Tennis Facility: 139
Industrial Metal Products Company: 64, 66
Industrial School for Boys: 20
Ingham County Bar Association: 184
Ingham County Chest Hospital: 121, 194
Ingham County Court House: 36
Ingham County Economic Development Corporation: 188
Ingham County Food Bank: 118
Ingham County Intermediate School District: 201
Ingham County Tuberculosis Sanatorium: 194
Ingham Medical Center: vii, 121-122, 124, 150, 194
Ingham Medical Hospital: 194
Ingham, Samuel D.: 5, 6
Ingham Sanitorium: 121
Institute for Advancement of Prosthetics: 163
Institute of Merchandising and Design: 144
Interlake Business College: ix, 139
Ionia and Lansing Railroad: 16, 17
Islamic Center: 119
ISO-E Chemistry Lab, Inc.: 163
Izenson, Sandy: 107

Jackson, President Andrew: 77
Jackson National Life Insurance Co.: vii, 77, 149, 192-193
Jackson Patriot: 110
Jackson, William A.: 78
Jacobson, Daniel: 117
Jacobson, Helen: 219
Japan Adventure: 142
Jarrett, Dr. Lawrence M.: 123, 196
Jarrett, Dr. Harriet: 123, 196
Jarvis Engine and Machine Works: 22, 67
Jaycees: 96, 102
Jehovah’s Witnesses: 119
Jenison Field House: 62, 136
Jenison, O.A.: 12, 32, 36
Jerome, John J.: 199
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: 119
Jewell, Charlie: 131-132, 219
Jewish faith: 117, 119
Jim’s Tiffany Restaurant: 95, 105, 160, 174
John Bean Manufacturing Company: 64, 67
Johnson, Charles E.: 210
Johnson, Dave: 224
Johnson, Earvin “Magic”: 135, 138, 155, 185
Johnson, Frank B.: 22
Johnson, W.A. And C.E.: 139
Jones, Mrs. Adelaide Aldrich: 5
Jones, Mike: 190
Jordan, Jim: 162
Jordan and Steele Manufacturing Company: 45
Joy, John: 50
Jubeck, Peter: 108
Judson, James B.: 112
Judson Memorial Baptist Church: 111
Jungwirth, Leonard D.: 94
Junior Chamber of Commerce: 51, 54
Junior League of Lansing: 95, 96
Jury-Rowe Company: 56-photo background left, 61, 78-photo

Kafantaris, George and Maria: 106
Kazenko, Rosemarie: 224
Kedzie, Ella: 130
Kedzie, Frank Stewart: 42, 130, 132, 134
Kedzie, Kate Marvin: 130
Kedzie, Robert ClarkL 42, 130, 132
Kedzie, William and Robert F.: 130
Keck Geophysical Instruments: 163
Keena Truck Leasing: 198, 205
Keller, Wally: 107
Kellert, Father: 114
Kellogg Center for Continuing Education: 66, 136
Kellogg (W.K.) Foundation: 66
Kellogg, W.K.: 66
Kelly’s Downtown: 160
Kestenbaum, Justin: 12, 14, 219
Kewpee Hotels Hamburgers: 105, 108
Keys, Elmer: 54
Keystone homes (Okemos): 182
Kilbourne, Joseph H.: 120
Kilbourne, Rep. Joseph K.: 7
Kilbourne, Samuel L.: 120
Kilby Manufacturing Company: 56
Killips, Robert: 218
Killips, Rosa Lopez: 94
Kimes, Beverly Rae: 219
Kinsler, Dale: 107
Kish Industries: 67
Kivilaan, Dr. Alexander: 133
Knapp (J.W.) Company: 40, 41, 61
Knapp, Linda Petroff: 144
Knapp’s Department Store (Office Center): 181
Knopp, David: 92
Koerts Glass & Paint Co.: vii
Kold-Hold Manufacturing Company: 64, 67
Kooistra, George J.: ii, 219, 224
Korab, Balthazar: 218
Kositchek’s: viii, 78
Kositchek & Bros.: 20, 41, 165
Kositchek, Henry: 36
Kresge Art Center (Museum): 95, 137, 157
Kresge Foundation: 95, 137
Kresge (S.S.) Co.: 170
Kroger Grocery & Baking Company: 56
Kroone, John: 224
Kruger, Verlen: 104
Kuhn, Madison: 41, 136, 219
Kwik Kar Wash (Meridian Township): 182

Laboratory of Clinical Medicine: 163
Lake Lansing: 53, 102-103, 153
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern: 16, 26, 32, 34
Lake Shore & Southern Michigan Elevator: 19
Lafferty, Valerie: 200
Landick, Steve: 104
Lane, William: 70
“Lansing: A Progressive City”: 44
Lansing Area Christian Educators: 119
Lansing Art Gallery: 95, 157
Lansing Auto Sales: 83
Lansing Ballet Company: 94
Lansing Beet Growers Association: 55
Lansing Board of Education: 98, 99, 129, 140, 141, 195
Lansing Boat Company: 103
Lansing Brewing Company: 22
Lansing Business College: 20, 24
Lansing Business Institute building: 175
Lansing Businessmen’s Association: 29, 32, 36
Lansing Business University: 139, 140
Lansing Cafe: 105
Lansing Chair Factory: 22
Lansing City Club: 89
Lansing City Guide Publishing Co.: 219
Lansing City Hall (Old): 49
Lansing City Hospital: 120
Lansing City Market (photo): 152
Lansing Civic Players: 90, 91
Lansing Commercial Institute: 139
Lansing Community College (LCC): vii, 92. 94, 127, 140-143, 160, 162, 163, 195, 218
LCC Lookout: 218
Lansing Company: 36, 40, 62, 64, 68
Lansing Cooperage Company: 37
Lansing Country Club: 107
Lansing Cutlass Assembly Plant: 187
“Lansing Day”: 54
Lansing Drop Forge: 64, 68
Lansing Electric Light and Power Company: 80
Lansing Engraving Co.: 224
Lansing Exchange Club: 153
Lansing Food Bank: 201
Lansing Foundation: 95
Lansing Fuel & Gas Light Co.: 32
Lansing General Hospital: vii, 123, 124, 151, 196
Lansing General Motors Corporation: 99
Lansing High School (Old Central): 112
Lansing House: 11, 12
Lansing Ice & Fuel Company: 45, 81-82
Lansing Ice & Gymnastics Center: 104
Lansing Improvement Company: 22, 24
Lansing Insurance Agency: 20, 167
Lansing Iron Works: 19
Lansing Iron and Engine Works: 23
Lansing & Jackson Railroad: 16
Lansing, John: 6
Lansing Journal: 22, 24, 27, 32, 84
Lansing Library and Literary Association: 98
Lansing Machining Company: 64
Lansing National Bank: 18, 72, 74, 202
Lansing Oldsmobile Company: 83
Lansing Paint & Color Company: 64
Lansing Pants & Overalls Company: 22
Lansing Parts Plant: 187
Lansing Product Team facilities: 66, 186
Lansing Public Library: 98, 99, 224
Lansing Public Schools: vii, ix, 128
Lansing Pure Ice Company: 82
Lansing Regional Chamber of Commerce: ii, vii, 166
Lansing Republican: 14, 15, 18, 37, 84, 117
Lansing Resort: 37
Lansing School District: 197
Lansing Stamping Company: 64
Lansing State Journal: ix, 8, 39-42, 44, 45, 48, 51-54, 58, 60-65, 67, 69, 70, 82-84, 91, 218, 224
Lansing State Savings Bank: 18, 73
Lansing, St. Johns & St. Louis Railroad Co.: 16
Lansing Sugar Company: 32, 56
Lansing Symphony: 90
Lansing Tennis Club: 103
Lansing Township: 5
“Lansing 2000”: 162, 164
Lansing Wagon Works: 19
Lansing Wheelbarrow Company: 19, 21-23, 28, 38, 62, 68
Lansing Wheelbarrow Team (baseball): 19
Lansing Women’s Club: 90, 148
Lansing Woolen Mills: 18
Lansing YMCA: 42
Larned, Abner E.: 59
Lawrence, Charles: 48
Lawrence Baking Company: 48
Leavenworth Studios: ii, 218
LeClear, H.W.: 20
LeClear, J.M.: 20
Ledges Playhouse: 92
Lee, Daniel: 14
Lee GMC Trucks Inc.: vii, 84, 198
Lee, R. William “Bill”: 84, 198
Lewis Cass Building: 41, 66, 67, 97
Library Citizens Committee: 98
Library of Michigan (State): 97
Liebermann’s: 78
Liebermann Trunk Company: 56
Liederkranz Hall: 36
Lighthart, L.E.: 189
Lincoln, President Abraham: 132
Lindberg Screw Products: 64
Lindell Drop Forge: 64, 68, 69
Litho Color Service: ii
Livingston, E.A.: 55
Lockwood & Son: 50
Lockwood-Ash Marine Motor Company: 35
Lockwood, Fred: 35
Long, Dick: 107
Long, John C.: 219
Longyear, Ephraim: 76
Longyear, Mrs. H.M.: 120
Longyear, John: 15
Longyear, John W.: 74
Looking Glass River: 3
Lookout: 140
Loose Wiles Biscuit Co.: 170
Lorenz Buick: 83
Lorenz, Harold: 83
Lorenz, R.K.: 83-84
Lounsberry, Mrs. Allen: 4
Lowe, Rachel: 5
Lower Town: 128
Ludwig, C.C.: 24
Lum family: 106
Lurie, Sy: 107
Lutheran Church School: 36
Lutherans: 36. 113, 115, 119
Luu, Dat: 106
Lyman Body Company: 58
Lyon, Diane: 200
Lyon, Edward F.: 183
Lyons, Hugh: 36

MacDowell, Marsha: 50
Macey, Kyle: 135
Mackey, Cecil: 138
Maglia, Andrew: 70
Main Street Methodist Church: 110, 115, 118
Majestic: 39
Malcangi, Vince: 108
Malcolm X: 105
Manassah, Sallie M.: ii
Maner, Costerisan & Ellis: vii, 199
Manufacturers Garden Committee: 40
Manufacturers National Corporation: 74
Maple River: 3
Maplewood School: 48
Marble School (East Lansing): 128
March of Dimes Broadcast: 85
Market Basket: 66
Marketing Resource Group: 164
Markham, Betty: 200
Martin Electric: 163
Mary Mayo Hall: 56, 136
Mascoutens: 2
Mason State Bank: viii, 73
Mason, Phillip P.: 219
Mason, Governor Stevens T.: 6
Masonic Temple: 42, 48
Massoglia and Assoc. Inc.: 164
Mass Spectrometry Laboratory: 138
Masters, Kimberly: ii, 224
Matthews, O.L.: 34
Mattox, James: 167
Maud S. Windmill and Pump Company: 22, 23
Maurices: 78
May, George: 28, 30, 38, 60, 219
Mayer (Gregory) & Thom Co. (in photo): 79
Mayfair: 103
Mayflower Congregational Church: 113
Mayhood Mertz Realtors: vii, 200
McClary, Jane: ii, 224
McClintock Cadillac: 84
McClintock, F.H.: 84
McClintock, William: 84
McCoy, Allen: 93
McCuen, C.L.: 58
McElmurry, Scott: 205
McElmurry Service Transport (MST): 205
McGill, Charles B.: 201
McKane, Mayor Terry: 164, 224
McLaughlin, Mr. and Mrs. C.J.: 123
McLaughlin Osteopathic Hospital: 123, 196
McRee, Edward B.: 150, 194
Mead’s Block: 90, 91
Mead, Earl: 37
Mead’s Flour Mill: 19
Mead’s Hall: 90
Mead (James) House: 212
Mead, James I.: 72, 90, 120
Mead’s Star Theater: 91
Meier, Gustav: 93
Meijer Distribution Center: 69
Meijer Thrifty Acres: 198
Melling Forging Company: 45, 56, 64, 66, 68, 74
Memorandum ’76: 219
Mennonite: 119
Menuhin, Yehudi: 96, 157
Meridian Center Investments: 200
Meridian Hills Condominiums: 181
Meridian Instruments: 124, 163
Meridian Township Board: 188
Meridian Twp. Economic Development Corporation: 188
Merry-Go-Round (Lake Lansing): 102
Mertz, Martha Mayhood: 167, 200
Methodist Episcopal: 110
Methodists: 110, 115, 116, 118, 119
Metropolitan Fine Arts Council at the Center for the Arts: 96
Metzger, William E.: 83
Mevis, Daniel S.: 75, 219
Mexico Cafe: 106
Michigan Agenda: 118
Michigan Agricultural College: 14, 24, 25, 33, 84, 99, 100, 115, 129-134
Michigan Avenue Methodist Church: 115
Michigan Bell: 78, 80
Michigan Biotechnology Institute: 163-164
Michigan Catering Company: 102
Michigan Central: 32
Michigan Central Railroad Station: 52, 70
Michigan Council for the Arts: 95
Michigan Council of Churches: 120
Michigan Crank Shaft: 40
Michigan Dance Association: 94
Michigan Education Association: 48
Michigan Engineering Society: 24, 26
“Michigan Farmer”: 55
Michigan Farm Bureau: 78
Michigan Farm Worker Ministry Coalition: 120
Michigan Female College: 14, 129, 144
Michigan Fertilizer Company: 45, 65
Michigan Gazetteer and Business Directory: 17, 25, 104
Michigan Grange: 25
Michigan Historical Commission: 97
Michigan Historical Museum: 97-98
Michigan History Division: 37
Michigan Horseshoers: 24
Michigan Hospital Association: 77
Michigan Inter-Collegiate Association (MIAA): 134
Michigan Interfaith Disaster Response: 120
Michigan Knitting Company: 23
Michigan Legislature: 7, 8, 10, 97
Michigan Life Insurance Company: 79
Michigan Livestock Exchange: 48
“Michigan Manufacturer & Financial Record”: 44, 45, 52, 65, 67
Michigan Millers Mutual Insurance: vii, ix, 20, 24, 50, 76-77, 148, 201, 219
Michigan Money ATM’s: 202
Michigan National Bank: vii, 66, 74, 202
Michigan National Tower: 48, 184, 199, 202
Michigan Peace Network: 120
Michigan Photographers’ Society: 48
Michigan Pioneer Society: 8, 12, 16, 97
Michigan Podiatric Association: 112
Michigan Power Company: 80
Michigan Prosecuting Attorneys Association: 48
Michigan Reformatory: 20
Michigan Republican Newspaper Association: 24
Michigan Retail Dry Goods Association: 48
Michigan School for the Blind: 20, 129
Michigan Screw Company: 34, 36, 48, 49, 100
Michigan State Agricultural Society: 129
Michigan State College: 53, 54, 56, 66, 103, 134-137, 170
MSC Demonstration Hall: 58
MSC Restaurant: 51
Michigan State Journal: 18
Michigan State Medical Society: 78
Michigan State Millers’ Association: 24
Michigan State Telephone Company: 78
Michigan State University: vii, viii, 93, 94, 123, 124, 130, 137-139, 162, 203
MSU Agricultural Hall: 37
MSU Archives and Historical Collection: 218, 224
MSU Auditorium mural: 43, 55
MSU Band: 138
MSU Board of Trustees: 215
MSU Canoeists at the Red Cedar River: 104
MSU Carcinogenesis Laboratory: 124, 138
MSU Cheerleaders: 155
MSU Clinical Center: vii, 123, 138, 151, 173
MSU Department of Family Practice: 190
MSU Extension Service: 134
MSU Faculty Club: 103
MSU Football Players: 154
MSU Health Center: 123, 136
MSU Hockey Team: 155
MSU Information Services: 218
MSU Library: 136
MSU Museum: 50, 77, 98, 139, 218
MSU Speech and Hearing Clinic: 123
MSU Sports Information: 218
MSU Track Team: 155
Michigan State Veterinary Association: 24
Michigan Sugar Co.: 170
Michigan Supreme Court: 184
Michigan Territory: 2, 3
Michigan Theater: 42, 48, 91 [Theatre]
Michigan Trucking News: 60
Michigan United Railways: 102
Michigan Wheel: 20
Michigan Wood Work Company: 34
Mid Michigan Opera Company: 95, 156
Mid-Michigan Red Cross: 184
Mid-Michigan Rehabilitation: vii
Middle Town: 128
Midway Park: 193
Milbury, Douglas: 215
Mills, Maria: 94
Mills Dry Goods: 167
Mineral Well House: 20
Mississippi Queen riverboat: 107
Mole Hole: 78
Mr. Toad: 78
Mitcham, William: ii, 218
Modern Dance Workshop: 94
Moffett House: 212
Moffett, John S.: 120
Moffett, Joyce Shaheen: ii, 224
Moon, Andrew: 101
Moon, Darius B.: 36, 37, 77, 101, 102
Moon, Sands and Mary: 101
Moon Log House: 101
Moore, Elder Levi: 117
Moore, Harry: 24
Moore, Marguerite: 171
Moores, James Henry: 19, 38, 99, 103
Moores Park: 99, 100, 103
Moores River Drive: 36
Morgan’s Jewelers: viii, 20
Morrill, Justin L.: 203
Morrill land-grant: 132
Morris, Robert J.: 112
Morris, Dr. Unary: 66
Motor Wheel Corporation: vii, 20, 42, 44, 45, 53, 58, 59, 62-65, 67, 69-70, 97, 142, 147, 166, 204
Moulton, Vern Valentine: 77, 168
Mount Hope Avenue Presbyterian: 115
MST Freight Systems: vii, 205
Mt. Hope Cemetery: 99
Muncie Products Company: 52
Munn, Clarence “Biggie”: 136
Munn Ice Arena: 138
Murninghan, Mayor Max: 140
Mutual Building: 77
Muzzy, J. Howard: 183
Muzzy Lyon Company: 183

Nash, A.J.: 179
Nash-Kelvinator: 62-64, 204
National Coil Co.: 34, 100
National House: 12, 14
National Institute for Research on Teaching: 138
National Public Radio Network: 85
National Science Foundation: 138, 139
National Voice Library: 136
Nature Way Association: 101
Nazarene: 119
Neal, Joseph M.: 91
Neff Elementary School (Grand Ledge): 124
Nehi Beverages, Inc.: 170
Neisner Bros.: 170
Neller, Richard: 97
Nemoke Trail Apartments: 181
Neogen Corporation: 163
New Church of Our Father: 37
New Way Motor Company: 32. 35, 40
New York Central: 16
Nichols, Charles W.: 126
Nichols, Jason: 36, 76
Nicolaou: Savvas: 106
Niemeyer, Glenn A.: 219
Niles Republican: 8, 10
Nolin, Randall: ii, 218
Nolta, Margie: 200
Norris, Don: 63
Norris, Donald: ii, 218
North Central Association of College and Universities: 141
North (Henry H.) Elementary School: 197
North, Joseph: 6
Northern Central Michigan Railroad: 16
Northwest Territory: 2
Northwind Farms apartment: 181
Northwood Institute: 215
Norton & Depue: 20
Novo Engine Co.: 40, 45, 53, 62, 64, 100
Novo Engine Foundry: 17
Nutter, Jack: 135

Oak Park (East Park): 99
Oddfellows: 18, 25, 144
Okemos Barn Theater: 92
Okemos, Chief: 3
Olds, David: ii, 218
Olds, Fred C.: 219
Olds Gas Power Company: 35
Olds Gasoline Engine Works: 28, 29
Olds Motor Vehicle Company: 27, 29, 186
Olds Motor Works: xvi, 29-30, 32, 33, 36, 38. 40, 42, 44, 45, 47, 48, 50, 52, 53, 122, 166, 184, 186
Olds (R.E.) Museum: 96
Olds, P.F. & Son: 20, 24, 25-27, 167
Olds, Pliny: 25, 162
Olds, Ransom E.: 28, 32, 33, 36, 39, 42, 44, 47, 54, 60, 64, 65, 70, 78, 96, 97, 118, 123, 166, 170, 184, 186, 202, 219
Olds, Sarah Whipple: 25, 28
Olds Tower: 48, 184, 202
Olds, Wallace: 25, 28
Oldsmobile: vii, xvi, 32, 62-65, 67-70, 83, 101, 146, 186
Oldsmobile 1897 Car: 27
Oldsmobile 1930 Roadster: 44
Oldsmobile 1940 “Woody” Station Wagon: 62
Oldsmobile 1950 “88” Hardtop Coupe (Holiday): 64
Oldsmobile 1966 Tornado: 68, 186
Oldsmobile Calais: 187
Oldsmobile Cutlass: 186
Oldsmobile Machine Gun Manufacturing: 62
Oldsmobile Newspaper Cartoon: 63
Oldsmobile Curved Dash runabout: 186
“Oldsmobile Shows”: 108
Olin Health Center: 123
Olivet Baptist Church: 111
Olofsson Tool & Die: 64, 69
“Olympic Players”: 90
One Michigan Avenue: 147
Opera Company of Greater Lansing: 93
Opera Company of Mid-Michigan: 94
Opera House: 90
O’Rafferty, Rev. Fr. John: 122
Oriental Mills: 13
Orpheum (theater): 91
Ottawas: 3
Otto, C.W.: 49
Our Gift Shop: 51
Owen (R.M.) Company: 83
Owens, Floyd: 103
Owens-Illinois Glass Container Company: 69

Page, Joab: 4, 7, 8, 10, 13, 17, 110
Palms (theater): 91
Pan Tree: 108
Pappas, Pete: 105
Panic of 1893: 72, 73
Paramount Newscenter: 211
Parkwood YMCA: 185
Parmalee and Jessop’s Shoe Store: 25
Parmelee & Co. Plaster Mill: 13
Parshall, W. Spencer: ii, 218
Parsons, Bob: ii
Parsons, George I.: 76
Pasant, A.J. “Tony”: 192
Parthenon Restaurant: 106
Partners in Progress: 165
Pasant, A.J. “Tony”: 77
Pashami Dancers: 94
Pasquale’s: 106
Pattengill, Henry R.: 128
Paul Henry Company: 67
Pavlova, Anna: 94
Peakes, Connie: 92, 93
Peakes, John: 92, 93
Peanut Shop: 211
Pearl Mills: 13
Pease, W. Marshall: 7
Peck, George: 76
Peerless Motor Company: 35
Peking Restaurant: 106
Peninsular Railroad: 16
Penney (J.C.) Store: 56, 66, 69
Pennsylvania Avenue Baptist Church: 111
Pentecostal: 119
Peoples Church: 50, 116
Pepper Mill: 13
Pere Marquette: 32
Perkins, James: 219
Perry Barker Candy Co.: 61
Perry, Coletta A.: ii
Person, Rollin H.: 76, 184
Person, Shields & Silsbee: 76, 184
Pesticide Research Center: 138
Peters, Scott: 219
Peterson, Eugene T.: 219
Phillips Manufacturing Company: 67
Phipps, Robert: 200
Phung, Hanh: 106
Physician’s Health Plan: vii, 124, 206, 213
Piatt, A.A.: 32
Piatt, E.K.: 67
Piatt Products Company: 62, 170
Pilgrim Congregational Church: 113
Pioneer History of Ingham County: 13, 15
Pistachio’s Restaurant: 108
Place, Robert E.: 207
Plant and Soil Science Building: 139
Plas-Labs, Inc.: 163
Players Guild: 91
Plaza project: 185
Plaza (theater): 91
Plaza One: 83, 147
Plymouth Congregational Church: 110, 111
Point Peninsula Indians: 2
Poison Control Center: 124
Pollock Mural at MSU Auditorium: 55
Pontiac: 3
Pontiac Grand Am: 187
Ponell, Milt: 107
Porter Hotel: 42
Porter, D.L.: 40, 59, 204
Portland and Ionia: 16
Post, Joseph M.: 207
Post, Dr. Julius: 120
Potawatomi: 2, 3
Potter, Carrie: 118
Potter, James W.: 20, 99
Potter, Ray: 48, 126
Potter Park Zoo: 61, 86, 99-100
Potter, Theodore E.: 36
Potterville: 20, 99
Pour House: 108
Povich, Bishop Kenneth J.: 177
Powell, Eliza: 197
Powertrain Product Team: 186
Pratt-Whitney: 63
Prentiss, A.N.: 219
Presbyterians: 110, 111, 113, 115, 116, 119
Pretzel Bell: 108
Price, Lawrence: 122
Priggoorris, Angel: 211
Prince, Michael: ii
Proctor, Hazel: 219
Production Credit Association (Mason): 185
Prudden Auditorium: 40, 93
Prudden Building: 42, 56
Prudden Wheel: 40, 42, 59
Prudden, W.K.: 39, 41, 121, 126, 166
Prudden (W.K.) Company: 32, 33
“Pulpit and Prayer in Early Lansing”: 114

Quakers (Friends): 119

Racquet Club of Lansing: 104
Rademacher. Fr. William: 177
Railroad Museum: 164
Ramon’s: 106
Ranaud Plastics, Inc.: 67
Randall, Dr. O.M.: 170
Ransom Fidelity: 95
Raphael, Evelyn Huber: 219
Raplee, Watson: 78
Rathbun, Renee: 122
Ray Sablain, Inc.: 67
RBK Corp.: 164
Reading Robe & Canning Co.: 23
Reasoner Park: 99
Recomtex Corporation: 163
Reconstruction Finance Corporation: 74
Red Cedar Friends Meeting (Quakers): 118
Redeemer Lutheran: 115
Reed, Owen: 107
Regional Economic Development Team “Red Team”: 162
Reiff, Dr. Guy: 124
Reilly, Rich: 92
Reliance Engineering: 45
Reniger Construction Co.: 48, 50, 83, 179
Reniger, Henry: 218
“Reo Bird”: 32
Reo Clubhouse: 41
Reo Fairs: 61
Reo Motor Car Company: 32, 33, 37-40, 44, 48, 53, 56, 59-62, 64, 65, 67, 69, 70, 100
Reo Motor Truck Company: 39
R.E. Olds Museum: 96, 153, 218
“Reo Run”: 32
Reorganized Churches of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: 119
Republic Plastics: 163
Residuals Management Technology, Inc.: 163
Reuter, Irving J.: 45
Reuter, I.G.: 48
Reutter, James L.: 82
Reutter, J. Gottlieb: 51, 82, 99, 219
Reutter, Mary Catherine: 99
Reutter Park: 99
Rhynard, Vic: 198
Rich, Dwight: 195
Richard, Martin: 106
Richards, Patsi: 107
Richardson, Ard E.: 84, 170
Rikard, H. W.: 32
Ringer, Jacob and Mary: viii
Riordan, Dan: 52
Riverfront Park: 100, 101, 104, 157-159
Riverside Country Club: 103
Roaring Brook: 37
Roberts Corporation: vii, 146, 147, 207
Robertson, James: 189
Robinson, Arnold: 214
Robinson’s Drugs (in photo): 72
Roe, J. Edward: 51, 53, 85
Roger Clark Band: 107
Rogers, Abigail and Delia: 129
Rogers, David: 5
Rolfe, Alvin: 13
Rolfe Settlement: 7
Rollie Stebbins Riverwalk: 16, 101
Roosevelt, President Franklin D.: 74
Roosevelt, President Theodore: 33, 134
Rose Bowl: 136
Rose, Chuck: 106
Rose Lake Wildlife Experimental Station: 101
Rouser, C.J.: 20, 34
Ryan, Edgar C.: 170
Ryder, E.H.: 179

Sabin-Judson House: 112
Sabin, Walter D.: 112
Saier, Thomas: 114
St. Casimir: 115, 177
St. Gerard: 115, 177
St. John’s Student Center: 109, 177
St. Johns Main Street and Courthouse: 70
St. Johns National Bank: 72
St. Johns Portable Building Company: 183
St. Johns Table Company: 50
St. Katherine’s Chapel: 118
Saint Lawrence Hospital: vii, 48, 78, 119, 120, 122-124, 150, 170, 184, 208-209
St. Lawrence School of Nursing: 140
St. Mary Cathedral (Church): 114, 115, 177
St. Mary Parish: 112
St. Paul (Episcopal): 110, 113
St. Pierre, Ernest G.: 108
St. Therese church: 177
St. Thomas Aquinas: 115,177
St. Vincent’s Home: 66, 118, 119
“Saint’s Rest”: 131
“Salon des Refuses”: 95
Salvation Army Church: 119
Sams, E.C.: 56
Sandefur, “Sandy”: 107
Sanderson, J.W.: 53
Saudi Airlines Corporation: 142
Sauks: 2
Sawyer, Arthur: 24
Schaberg Hardware and Lumber: 78
Schepers, Jacob: 179
Schirner, Buck: 93
Schirmer, Lil: 200
Schuitema, Don: 108
Schultz, Bertha: 40
Schultz, Jacob F.: 37
Schultz, Scott: 188
Schwartz, Dianne: ii, 218
Scofes, George: 104, 106
Scofes, Nick and Peter: 104
Scofes, Stephen: 104, 106
Scofield Mill: 13
Scott, David: 4
Scott, Richard H.: 32, 39, 45, 60, 100
Scott’s Woods: 100
Scypher, Ben: 124
Sealed Power Corporation (St. Johns): vii, 69, 146, 210
Second National Bank: 18, 72
Sederburg, Senator William A.: vii
Seventh-Day Adventists: 110, 116, 119
Seymour Avenue Methodist Church: 115
Seymour, James: 12, 15, 17, 110
Seymour’s map: 7
Seymour, William: 6
Shaft, Dr. R.C.: 196
Shank, Dr. Rush: 120
Sharp, Jaye: ii
Shaw, Robert: 54, 136
Shaw, Spencer: 102
Shawnees: 2
Sheraton Hotel: vii
Sheraton Inn: 70, 149, 169
Sherwood Paint Company: 45
Shiawassee Trail: 4
Shields, Edmund C.: 76, 122, 170, 184
Shoals subdivision (Okemos): 181
Shriner Band: 107
Shull & Alsdorf: 78
Sigler, Governor Kim: 57, 184
Sikh: 119
Silsbee, Harry A.: 76, 184
Silver Dollar Saloon: 105
Silver Lead Paint Company: 20, 78, 122, 231
Simon Iron & Steel: 20, 62
Simons Dry Good: 41
Sinadinos, George: 108
Sinsabaugh, Chris: 47
Sisters of Mercy Health Corporation: 208
Skehan, Marlene: 200
Skylark Aircraft: 49
Sleighing in front of Capitol: 111
Smith, A.A.: 20
Smith, Charles: ii, 211
Smith, Clyde B.: 49
Smith Floral: 54, 78, 211
Smith, Fred: 30, 38
Smith, Gurdon: 211
Smith, Hiram H.: 13, 15, 17, 18
Smith, Jim: 107
Smith, Lawrence “Larry”: 211
Smith, Marcia: 94
Smith, Robert: 185
Smith, Sadie: 55
Smith, Samuel L.: 28-30
Sneden, Robert: 140
Snell Environmental Group: 163
Snyder, Jonathan LeMoyne: 134
Solomon, Izler: 93
Sons of Temperance: 110
Sorkin, Suzanne, MD: 190
South Baptist Church: 111
Southwind Office Park: 181
Spanos, S.: 105
Sparrow, Edward W.: 19, 22, 27, 28, 71, 120-121, 170, 212
Sparrow Hospital: vii, 36, 78, 119-121, 123, 124, 151, 170, 212-213, 215
Sparrow Hospital (Children’s Ward): 223
Sparrow Hospital School of Nursing: 212
Sparrow, Margaret: 212
Spartan Bankcorp, Inc.: 179
Spartan Lanes: 105
Spartan Paper & Office Supply Co.: vii, 164, 214
Spartan Research Animals: 163
Spartan Stadium: 137
Spartan Store: 181
“Sparty” Statue: 94, 138, 154
Speaker, Hiner and Thomas: ix
Speculum: 132
Spencer, Mary C.: 98
Spirit of Lansing (paddleboat): 152
Spiritual Episcopal Churches: 119
Sprague, William “Al”: 102, 103
Stabenow, Representative Debbie: vii
Stahl, Frank: 91
Stahl, Jacob: 22
Stajos, James: 106
Standard Castings Corp.: 13
Standard Motor Sales Company: 83
Standard Real Estate Company: 42
Stanley, A.L., MD: 194
State Accident Fund Building: 171
State Board of Agriculture: 132, 134
State Board of Law Examiners: 143
State Capitol Building: xii-xiv
State Capitol in Detroit: 8
State College Club: 103
State Ecumenical Forum: 118
State Normal School at Ypsilanti: 129
State of Michigan Employees: 190
State of Michigan Library-Michigan-Archives: 97, 224
State News: 134
State Office Building Fire (later Lewis Cass building): 67
State Republican: 22, 23, 25-30, 32-36, 84
Staudt, Deborah: 200
Stebbins, A.C.: 19, 27, 34, 36, 37, 42
Steele, Bud: 107
Stevens, John: 92
Stevenson, Pooh: 118
Stocking, Hiram: 5
Stoddard Building: 176
Stoddard, Howard J.: 74, 202
Stone Lake Condominiums (East Lansing): 182
Store window 1847 recreation: 5
Story, Karl D.: 83, 100, 215
Story Incorporated: vii, 147, 215
Story Oldsmobile dealership: 185, 215
Strand Theater and Arcade: 42, 48, 91, 184 [Theatre]
Street Steam Roller: 53
Studio De Danse: 94
Stulz, Gloria: 200
Sugar Bowl: 104
Suites (ladies clothing store): 78
Summers, Virginia: 219
Summit Steel: ix, 20
Superior Brass and Aluminum Casting Co.: 170
Swanson, Kristen: 99
Swartz, R.W.: 108
Sweeney, Mike: 107
Swick, Max: 107
Switchboard Operator (Michigan Bell): 80
Sycamore Creek: 5
Systems Research Inc. (Burroughs): 163

Talboys, Lee: 107
Tally Ho Club: 105
Tarpoff’s (Archie) Restaurant: 108
Tata, Romeo: 93
Taylor, Jacqueline: 141
Technisoft Systems Corporation: 163
Technitron, Inc.: 163
Technology Venture Management: 163
Tecumseh: 2, 3
Teichert, Robin: 200
Telecheck Michigan: 164
Telephone and Telegraph Construction Co. of Detroit: 78
Telephone Equipment Truck: 80
Temple Beth El: 117
Ten Pound Fiddle Coffee House: 118
Theatorium: 91, 165
Theios: 106
Third Ward Park: 99
3800 Building at Capital City Airport: 185
Thoman, Fred, Jr.: 29
Thomas, A.D.: 77
Thomas, David: ii
Thomas, David A.: ii, 218
Thomas (E.R.) – Detroit Company: 47
Thomas, Harris E.: 29, 33, 34
Thomas, Horace T.: 32
Thomas, John: 14
Thomas, Marc O.: ii, 218
Thomsen, Barbara: 92
Thomsen, Richard: 92
Thornberg, Don: 107
Timberlake Apartments (East Lansing): 182
Timothy (Francis) Company: 27
Tompkins (J.H.) Jewelry Store: 51
Tooker, J.S.: 22
Tooker, John C.: 67
Tooker, Smith: 12
Topps Department Store: 181
Torres, Rogelio and Hortencia: 106
Torres Taco House: 106
Towar, James D.: 51, 219
Town Courier: 51
Townsend, William H.: 6
Toxicology Laboratory Center: 163
Toy Story: 78
Transamerica: viii-ix
Tranter Manufacturing Company: 67
Treaty of Saginaw: 3
Trebilcock, Everett R.: 184
Trevellyan, Herbert E.: 83
Trinity African Methodist Episcopal Church: 115
Troyer, Mayor Laird J.: 49
True Blue Gum Company: 41
Trumble, Lee: 140
Trumbull, Edward: 49
Turner-Dodge Ballet Class: 156
Turner-Dodge House: 101, 143
Turner, Dr. F.N.: 13
Turner, George: 13
Turner, James: 13, 17, 22, 99, 100, 102
Turner, Mrs. James: 120
Turner, Richard: 13
Turner, Scott: 100
Turner Street (early photo): 34
Turner Street Farmers’ Market: 35
Twain, Mark: 90
Two Doors Down Gallery: 35

Union Building and Loan Association: viii, 20, 73
Union Federal Savings and Loan: vii, 73
United Engine Co.: 45
Unitarian-Universalist: 119
United Church of Christ: 118, 119
United Hospital Expansion Campaign: 123
United Ministries in Higher Education: 118
Union Missionary Baptist Church: 115
Union Savings & Loan Association: 185
United Way: 184
Universal Steel Company of Michigan: vii
University Club of MSU: 103-104, 218
University Mall (East Lansing): 106, 181
University of Michigan: 24, 129, 131
University Oldsmobile: 83, 215
University Publications: 218
University United Methodist Church: 118
Upper Town: 128
U.S. Department of Agriculture: 55

“Valiant” Program: 64
Valley Cigar Company: 20
VanDerVoort: 41
Van Driss, Rev. Louis: 114
Van Dyne: 25
Van Keuren, J.I.: 83
Van Peenen’s: 78
Van Sickle, Red: 107
Vanis, Alex: 105
Vanis, Gus and Steve: 105
Vary, Karl and Bee: 92
Vedder, Herman: 24
VerLinden, Edward: 39, 122
Veterans All Wars Monument: 88
Village Market: 107
Vincent, Jay: 138, 185
Vincent, Robert: 136
Vincent (G. Robert) Voice Library: 136
Vincent, Sam: 122
Vlahakis, Jim: 105
Volunteers of America: 52, 53

WILS (microphone in photo): 85
WILX: 85
WJIM: 85, 217
WKAR: vii, 84-85, 136, 216
WLNS: vii, 85, 217
WMSB: 85
WREO: 84
WSYM: 84
Walker, Howard L.: 67
Wall, Sherd: 41
Wallington, James F.: ii
Walnut Hills Country Club: 103
Walsworth (Printers): ii
Walter French Junior High School: 42, 181
Wang, Anna and York: 106
Wanger, Eugene: 97
Ward & Son, H.C. (photo-background): 44
Warner & Swasey: 67
Washburn, Lester: 62
Washburn’s Smoke Shoppe: 51
Washington Avenue – 100 block North: 72
Washington Avenue – 100 block South: 25, 153
Waverly Park: 102
Webber, William: 3
Weicamp, Father: 37
Weil, Charles: 24
Weis and Leach Manufacturing: 42
Weis and Lesh: 59
Wesleyan: 119
Wessel, A.C.: 139
West Junior High: 42
Westminster Presbyterian: 115
Weston’s Kewpee’s: 105
Wharton Center for the Performing Arts: 138, 156, 157
Wharton, Clifton: 85, 138
White Brothers String Shop: 70
White, Josh, Jr.: 107
White Motor Company: 67
White Trucks: 83
Whiteley, John: 15
Wiest, Justice Howard: 120
Wilcox Division, Ninth Army Corps: 25
Wilcox, Harvey E.: 54
Wilford, J.W.: 74
Willard, Louis: 189
Williams, Alfred and Benjamin: 4
Williams Auto World: vii
Williams, Fred: 91
Williams, John R.: 131, 132
Williams, Joseph R.: 203
Willys, John: 38
Wilson, Jane: 219
Wilson, William Robert: 60
Win Schulers: 70
Winans (N.H.) & Sons: 44
Windlord III (sculpture): 157
Wiskemann, Geneva: ii, 224
Woelfel, Jim: 204
Wohlert Corporation: 64
Woldumar Nature Center: 101
Wolf, Thomas and Kimberly: 103
Wolverine (Reo Speed Wagon Model): 45
Wolverine Chemical Closet: 40
Wolverine Insurance Company: 78, 79
Women of Faith Action Center: 118
Women’s Aglow Fellowship: 119
Women’s Course (at MSU): 132
Women’s Hall of Fame: 164
Women’s Health Center of Sparrow: 213
Women’s Hospital Association: 120, 212
Woodbrook Apartments (East Lansing): 182
Woodbury, Chester D.: 36, 37
Woodhill Condominiums (Okemos): 182
Woodstone Condominiums (East Lansing): 182
Woodworth, Elijah: 76
Works Progress Administration: 58, 59
Wright, Frank Lloyd: 108
Wright, Karle T.: 219
Wurgess, Daniel J.: 32

Yarnell, Duane: 27, 42, 219
Yerkes Hotel: 25
YMCA: 66, 104
Young, Edward A.: 224
Young, Smith G.: 83
Young Men’s Society: 90

Zaleski, Bishop Alexander M.: 177
Zarkas, David: 106
Zell, Bonnie: ii, 218
Ziegler, Otto (cigars store): 18, 165


book cover

book cover

Lansing’s First Fire Engine and Three Pioneer Fire Fighters

Copied from The State Journal – Lansing, Michigan – Wednesday, August 13, 1913 – Pages 1 and 6.

Lansing’s First Fire Engine and Three Pioneer Fire Fighters

A feature that will arouse enthusiasm among the old settlers at the September home-coming and afford an excellent comparison of fire-fighting methods of a half century ago and the present time, will be a demonstration with the old Torrent No. 1, hand fire engine, at the City National bank corner on some date of the week’s celebration.

Captain Julius N. Baker, of the Bingham st. fire station, one of the old living fire fighters of the city, has planned the demonstration with the old engine in which he first broke into the fire fighting game in the city. Captain Baker is very desirous of obtaining the names of any members of the old squads who at any time helped operate the pumps at pioneer time conflagrations. He requests that all old members of the company send in their names to him either by telephone or postcard so that he can get a list and organize a second later day “Torrent Company” for the demonstration.

Hand Engine Valued Relic

The ancient engine now finds a shelter in the Bingham st. fire station after 60 years, a part of the time being a very necessary adjunct to the city’s safety. It was purchased by this city early in the year 1856 from a firm in Rochester, N. Y. At the meeting where the action was taken to buy the equipment, George W. Peck was chairman and R. C. Dart, secretary.

The engine was shipped to Lansing by a devious route from Rochester, owing to the lack of railroad facilities. It was packed and shipped in sections to Buffalo by rail and thence to Detroit by sail boat. From Detroit, after many delays, the engine was forwarded over the Michigan Central to Jackson. Jackson ended its rail journey and after that its sections were loaded onto “pungs” drawn by oxen over partially broken roads. One section of it was stuck in the mud near Rives Junction and with difficulty gotten out of the swamp.

The whole engine finally arrived overland in Lansing May 12, 1856. The sections were unpacked near where the Grand Trunk railroad station now stands. At this point it was assembled, decorated with flowers and headed by throngs of “dressed up” and enthusiastic citizens was hauled to its house on the south side of East Allegan st. The day of the arrival of the engine was made a gala one. There were speeches and a general celebration. Immediately after the arrival of the equipment a company was formed and named “Torrent No. 1.” The organization derived its name from the fact that the majority of the members had been members of a fire company in Rochester, N. Y., of the same name. Nearly all the early pioneers were New Yorkers.

Sold to Cheboygan

The engine, after this city had otganized a fire department under the jurisdiction of the council, was sold to the city of Cheboygan. A year ago James P. Edmonds, whose father was of the city’s early fire chiefs and who had often directed the movements of the ancient water thrower, and Alderman Oscar McKinley, discovered the ancient engine while at Cheboygan. Sentiment prompted them to purchase it. After years of disuse and neglect it was finally returned to the city where it was formerly held in considerable respect by the early pioneers.

Captain Baker’s proposed demonstration will be at the old reservoir at Washington and Michigan aves., a water storage that hundreds of persons walk over each day without knowing of its existence. The reservoir is kept filled to this day for emergency purposes and will hold over 1,000 barrels of water. Two similar reservoirs are located beneath the streets at the south of the Buck furniture store and north of the F. N. Arbaugh department store.

Talk of the Old Days.

“Lansing practically burned up under that engine,” said Capt. Baker of No. 4, indicating the old hand pump, which is on exhibition at the station. Although it has been strenuous service for many years and has been retired for half a century, the apparatus is in excellent condition and could yet give a hearty account of itself. The pumps are double-acting and are of a powerful mechanical type, and are operated by handles on each side of the engine and capable of throwing three streams at high pressure. The body of the truck is of solid mahogany, inlaid and the casting are of solid brass. The metal frame work of the engine is hand wrought, and withal the apparatus is a work of art.

“Fires which broke out in the old town from time to time consumed blocks of the business district during the service of the old hand engine, manned by volunteers.” said Capt. Baker, who has been a fire fighter for over 38 years. Coming to Lansing in 1858, Mr. Baker’s acquaintance with the development from a village in the swamps dates from that time.

Walked Here From Detroit

“I walked here from Detroit by way of the old plank road, which ran through the college campus and onto Franklin avenue,” said Mr. Baker. “This was the route of the old stage, which then turned south through the woods down the present route of Washington avenue to the present town.” No stage ever came over East Michigan avenue between here and East Lansing. The terminal for the stage was the old Ohio hotel at the corner of Washtenaw and Washington, opposite the Hotel Downey.

“When I came here I lived with an uncle at the corner of Washington and Shiawassee. At that time the only brick buildings in the upper town were those of the Cole and Bailey blocks at the corner of Washington and Michigan avenues. The Episcopal church at that time stood on the present site of the opera house and the city school building was the Townsend st. school. I remember attending the laying of the cornerstone for the old Catholic church, which was then built in the woods near the corner of Madison and Chestnut.”

Fires Visit Village

“An early fire, which is remembered by few residents, burned the block from the Downey to the Butler on a cold winter morning, and a similar blaze took the buildings between Kalamazoo and the present Commercial hotel. V. R. Canfield, the coal man, and myself got our ears frozen during the first fire, which occurred shortly after the old steamer had been introduced. The extreme cold froze water in the air chambers and caused them to burst leaving the firemen practically helpless except for the valiant service of the old hand engine.”

Westcott Was First Chief

“K. W. Westcott was the original chief of the old volunteer department, which comprised the two companies of the upper town and that at North Lansing. Saginaw st. was established as the fighting line, and although in times of fire the two companies gave the heartiest cooperation, no fireman ever crossed the line alone without taking chance of a fight”

“If a fireman from the upper town ventured down to the north village he invited an attack from the fireman of that locality and similarly were the north end boys shy of crossing Saginaw. I remember that my uncle sent me to the North Lansing mill to get bran for his cow. I took a wheelbarrow as far as Saginaw, where I sat down and waited the length of time it would take to make the trip, and returned with the report that I could get none, not carrying to take a licking from any of the Dutch.”

“A half-way house of the old wayside inn type, which stood on the corner of Saginaw and Washington avenue, which is still vacant, caught fire one night and both companies responded. A dispute arose over which company was to take charge of the fire and developed into a fight between the “Dutch” and the firemen from the upper town, the building meanwhile burning down.”

Active in Social Life

“There was only one social class in Lansing at that time, the residents comprising a single happy family. Church socials were the principal feature and were always largely attended. During the winter, skating on the Grand river was a popular social diversion, participated in by everybody. At times the volunteer company belonging to a single engine numbered as high as 10 men, and always took part in social activities. Many of the prominent business men were members of the fire companies; often becoming so to escape jury service from which firemen were exempt.”

“The town was an informal community in those days” continued Mr. Baker. “I remember when the Prudden block was originally built, that the stores occupying the site were moved into the street where they remained while the merchants continued to do business in them until the completion of the new stores. Whenever a new building was to be raised clerks from the capitol which was than a square brick building, would come out and make it a function.”

An attempt will be made to secure several of the old firemen’s trumpets which are in the hands of a number of Lansing families. The trophies were won by the Lansing boys in contests at Ionia and with Ann Arbor and other firemen from points about the state.

Photo Caption: K. W. Westcott, original chief, with Fireman Alex Cline and Ned Burton of North Lansing. All are dead.


Lansing's first fire engine and three pioneer fire fighters-1913-08-13-Lansing, MI-firemen photo

original article - page 1

original article – page 1


original article - page 6

original article – page 6